adjective, rough·er, rough·est.
verb (used with object), roughed, rough·ing.
verb (used without object), roughed, rough·ing.
- rouge croix,
- rouge dragon,
- rouge et noir,
- rouget cell,
- rouget de lisle,
- rough and ready,
- rough and tumble,
- rough bluegrass,
- rough breathing,
- rough collie
Origin of rough
Examples from the Web for roughest
In the midst of a relatively rocky return to the public stage, it may have been the roughest moment.Hillary Clinton Wants It Both Ways on Gay Marriage|David Freedlander|July 21, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Here is where the rescue crews of the Coast Guard train in the roughest waters of the continental United States.
The herdsmen were hospitably inclined, but the accommodation they had to offer was of the roughest.Italian Alps|Douglas William Freshfield
One can see, by the roughest draught or slightest glimpse of his face, the look and manner it must have put on towards children.William Blake|Algernon Charles Swinburne
It was sixteen miles to our market town, Steilacoom, over the roughest kind of road.Ox-Team Days on the Oregon Trail|Ezra Meeker
Auruncans and Rutulians sow on it, work the stiff hills with the ploughshare, and pasture them where they are roughest.The Aeneid of Virgil|Virgil
We had them count the days gone by, and look around to see the roughest part of the road was now behind them.Death Valley in '49|William Lewis Manly
- severe towards
- unfortunate for (a person)
Word Origin for rough
Old English ruh "rough, coarse (of cloth); hairy, shaggy; untrimmed, uncultivated," from West Germanic *rukhwaz "shaggy, hairy, rough" (cf. Middle Dutch ruuch, Dutch ruig, Old High German ruher, German rauh), from Proto-Germanic *rukhaz, from PIE *reue- "to smash, knock down, tear out, dig up" (cf. Sanskrit ruksah "rough;" Latin ruga "wrinkle," ruere "to rush, fall violently, collapse," ruina "a collapse;" Lithuanian raukas "wrinkle," rukti "to shrink").
The original -gh- sound was guttural, as in Scottish loch. Sense of "approximate" is first recorded c.1600. Of places, "riotous, disorderly, characterized by violent action," 1863. Rough draft is from 1690s. Rough-and-ready is from 1810, originally military; rough-and-tumble (1810) is from a style of free-fighting.
late 15c., from rough (adj.). Related: Roughed; roughing. Phrase rough it "submit to hardships" (1768) is originally nautical:
To lie rough; to lie all night in one's clothes: called also roughing it. Likewise to sleep on the bare deck of a ship, when the person is commonly advised to chuse the softest plank. [Grose, "Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue," 1788]
To rough out "shape or plan approximately" is from 1770. To rough up "make rough" is from 1763. To rough (someone) up "beat up, jostle violently" is from 1868. The U.S. football penalty roughing was originally a term from boxing (1866).
c.1200, "broken ground," from rough (adj.). Meaning "a rowdy" is first attested 1837. Specific sense in golf is from 1901. Phrase in the rough "in an unfinished or unprocessed condition" (of timber, etc.) is from 1819.
In addition to the idioms beginning with rough
- rough and ready
- rough and tumble
- rough it
- rough on, be
- rough out
- rough up
- diamond in the rough
- ride roughshod over
- take the rough with the smooth
- when the going gets rough