raw

[raw]
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adjective, raw·er, raw·est.

noun

a sore or irritated place, as on the flesh.
unrefined sugar, oil, etc.

Idioms

    in the raw,
    1. in the natural, uncultivated, or unrefined state: nature in the raw.
    2. Informal.in the nude; naked: sunbathing in the raw.

Origin of raw

before 1000; Middle English; Old English hrēaw, hrǣw; cognate with Dutch rauw, German roh; akin to Latin crūdus raw (see crude), cruor blood, Greek kréas raw flesh
Related formsraw·ish, adjectiveraw·ish·ness, nounraw·ly, adverbraw·ness, nounhalf-raw, adjectivesem·i·raw, adjectivesem·i·raw·ly, adverbsem·i·raw·ness, noun

Synonyms for raw

Synonym study

2. Raw, crude, rude refer to something not in a finished or highly refined state. Raw applies particularly to material not yet changed by a process, by manufacture, or by preparation for consumption: raw cotton; raw leather. Crude refers to that which still needs refining: crude petroleum. Rude refers to what is still in a condition of rough simplicity or in a makeshift or roughly made form: rude agricultural implements; the rude bridge that arched the flood.

Antonyms for raw

1. cooked.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Examples from the Web for raw

Contemporary Examples of raw

Historical Examples of raw

  • If milk of this kind must be used, some raw food should be given with it.

    Woman's Institute Library of Cookery, Vol. 2

    Woman's Institute of Domestic Arts and Sciences

  • Closer to her than the hospital was life in the raw that night.

    K

    Mary Roberts Rinehart

  • It was December then, gray and raw, with a wet snow that changed to rain as it fell.

    K

    Mary Roberts Rinehart

  • Most of these are raw boys, who know all that can be learned of war on a cricket field.

  • I should have judged that you were a raw recruit in the camp of the enemy.

    Night and Morning, Complete

    Edward Bulwer-Lytton


British Dictionary definitions for raw

raw

adjective

(of food) not cookedraw onion
(prenominal) in an unfinished, natural, or unrefined state; not treated by manufacturing or other processesraw materials for making steel; raw brick
(of an edge of material) unhemmed; liable to fray
(of the skin, a wound, etc) having the surface exposed or abraded, esp painfully
ignorant, inexperienced, or immaturea raw recruit
(prenominal) not selected or modifiedraw statistics
frank or realistica raw picture of the breakdown of a marriage
(of spirits) undiluted
mainly US coarse, vulgar, or obscene
mainly US recently done; freshraw paintwork
(of the weather) harshly cold and damp
informal unfair; unjust (esp in the phrase a raw deal)

noun

the raw British informal a sensitive pointhis criticism touched me on the raw
in the raw
  1. informalwithout clothes; naked
  2. in a natural or unmodified statelife in the raw
Derived Formsrawish, adjectiverawly, adverbrawness, noun

Word Origin for raw

Old English hreaw; related to Old High German hrao, Old Norse hrār raw, Latin cruor thick blood, Greek kreas meat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for raw
adj.

Old English hreaw "uncooked, raw," from Proto-Germanic *khrawaz (cf. Old Norse hrar, Danish raa, Old Saxon hra, Middle Dutch rau, Dutch rauw, Old High German hrawer, German roh), from PIE root *kreue- (1) "raw flesh" (cf. Sanskrit kravih "raw flesh," krura- "bloody, raw, hard;" Greek kreas "flesh;" Latin crudus "not cooked," cruor "thick blood;" Old Irish cru, Lithuanian kraujas, Old Church Slavonic kruvi "blood;" Old English hrot "thick fluid, serum").

Meaning "tender, sore" is from late 14c.; of persons, "inexperienced" from 1560s; of weather, "damp and chilly" first recorded 1540s. Related: Rawly; rawness. Raw material is from 1796, with sense of "in a rudimental condition, unfinished." Phrase in the raw "naked" (1921) is from the raw "exposed flesh," attested from 1823. Raw deal "harsh treatment" attested by 1893.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

raw in Medicine

raw

[rô]

adj.

Having subcutaneous tissue exposed.
Inflamed; sore.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Idioms and Phrases with raw

raw

In addition to the idiom beginning with raw

  • raw deal

also see:

  • in the altogether (raw)
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.