- the process of replacing a number by another number of approximately the same value but having fewer digits: To the nearest dollar, the rounding of $27.68 yields $28.
- a similar process that specifies one of various rules. Generally, the number is first truncated to one or two digits more than is desired; then the last one or two digits are adjusted in a specified way in order to reflect the magnitude of the original number. In rounding the final digits, 0–4 are simply dropped, 6–9 are dropped after the preceding digit is increased by 1, and 5 is handled in various ways depending on the surrounding digits and the particular convention being followed.Compare truncate(def 2).
- roundheaded apple tree borer,
- rounding error,
Origin of rounding
adjective, round·er, round·est.
- Also round of beef. the portion of the thigh of beef below the rump and above the leg.
- Informal. round steak.
- a short, rhythmical canon at the unison, in which the several voices enter at equally spaced intervals of time.
- rounds, the order followed in ringing a peal of bells in diatonic sequence from the highest to the lowest.
verb (used with object)
verb (used without object)
- to complete or perfect; finish.
- to express as a round number, usually to the nearest multiple of 10.
- to complete or perfect: The new coin rounded out his collection.
- to fill out; become rounder: She rounded out so nicely that everyone soon forgot she had been so ill.
- to drive or bring (cattle, sheep, etc.) together.
- to assemble; gather: to round up all the suspects in an investigation.
Origin of round1
verb (used with or without object) Archaic.
Origin of round2
Examples from the Web for rounding
Democrats were working hard to pass a budget in a divided government, and Yee was charged in part with rounding up the votes.
And what could be more honorable than rounding up your besties to pay homage to a hallowed pop deity?Miley Cyrus, Walter White, Oprah: Your Pop Culture Halloween Costume Guide|Kevin Fallon|October 21, 2013|DAILY BEAST
Rounding out the Big Three, GM was also up 15 percent year over year.
By August we were rounding up any young man we found, whether we were looking for him or not.Former Syrian Soldier Describes Life in the Army at the Start of War|Andrew Slater|September 4, 2013|DAILY BEAST
Rounding out the panel is Egyptian Producer, Hassan El Shafei.The Next Arab Idol: Palestine's Boy Wonder and Stereotype Buster|Maysoon Zayid|May 22, 2013|DAILY BEAST
The corners between the floor and side walls should be rounding to make cleaning easy.The Book of Cheese|Charles Thom and Walter Warner Fisk
When a radial face or surface is convex, it is said to be rounding or round, and when it is concave it is said to be hollow.Modern Machine-Shop Practice, Volumes I and II|Joshua Rose
We had storms in rounding the Cape, and then we sailed on again north and east.Gil the Gunner|George Manville Fenn
After rounding a point of rocks, the fleet came into full view of Christiania.Up The Baltic|Oliver Optic
After rounding the northeast point of the three-hummock land, our course westward was pursued along its north side.A Voyage to Terra Australis|Matthew Flinders
- forming or expressed by an integer or whole number, with no fraction
- expressed to the nearest ten, hundred, or thousandin round figures
- in full detail
- theatre with the audience all round the stage
- to go from place to place, as in making deliveries or social calls
- (of information, rumour, etc) to be passed around, so as to be generally known
- to pronounce (a speech sound) with rounded lips
- to purse (the lips)
Word Origin for round
late 13c., from Anglo-French rounde, Old French roont (12c., Modern French rond), probably originally *redond, from Vulgar Latin *retundus (cf. Provençal redon, Spanish redondo, Old Italian ritondo), from Latin rotundus "like a wheel, circular, round," related to rota "wheel" (see rotary).
As an adverb from c.1300; as a preposition from c.1600. In many uses it is a shortened form of around. The French word is the source of Middle Dutch ront (Dutch rond), Middle High German runt (German rund) and similar Germanic words.
Of numbers from mid-14c., from earlier sense "full, complete, brought to completion" (mid-14c., notion of symmetry extended to that of completeness). First record of round trip is from 1844, originally of railways. Round heels attested from 1926, in reference to incompetent boxers, 1927 in reference to loose women, in either case implying an inability to avoid ending up flat on one's back.
early 14c., "a spherical body," from round (adj.) and Old French roond. Cf. Dutch rond, Danish and Swedish rund, German runde, all nouns from adjectives. Meaning "large round piece of beef" is recorded from 1650s. Theatrical sense (in phrase in the round) is recorded from 1944. Sense of "circuit performed by a sentinel" is from 1590s; that of "recurring course of time" is from 1710. Meaning "song sung by two or more, beginning at different times" is from 1520s. Golfing sense attested from 1775. Meaning "quantity of liquor served to a company at one time" is from 1630s; that of "single bout in a fight or boxing match" is from 1812; "single discharge of a firearm" is from 1725. Sense of "recurring session of meetings or negotiations" is from 1964.
late 14c., "to make round," from round (adj.). Sense of "make a circuit round" is from 1590s. Sense of "bring to completeness" is from c.1600; meaning "to approximate (a number)" is from 1934. Meaning "turn round and face, turn on and assault" is from 1882. Round out "fill up" is from 1856. Related: Rounded; rounding.
In addition to the idioms beginning with round
- round and round
- round figures
- round off
- round on
- round out
- round peg in a square hole
- round robin
- round the bend
- round trip
- round up
- all year round
- bring around (round)
- come around (round)
- get around (round)
- in round numbers
- in the round
- make the rounds
- other way round
- pull round
- rally around
Also see underaround.