saccharin

[ sak-er-in ]
/ ˈsæk ər ɪn /

noun Chemistry.

a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, C7H5NO3S, produced synthetically, which in dilute solution is 500 times as sweet as sugar: its soluble sodium salt is used as a noncaloric sugar substitute in the manufacture of syrups, foods, and beverages.

Origin of saccharin

First recorded in 1875–80; sacchar- + -in2
Also called benzosulfimide, gluside.
Related formsnon·sac·cha·rin, adjective, noun
Can be confusedsaccharin saccharine
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for saccharin

British Dictionary definitions for saccharin

saccharin

/ (ˈsækərɪn) /

noun

a very sweet white crystalline slightly soluble powder used as a nonfattening sweetener. Formula: C 7 H 5 NO 3 S

Word Origin for saccharin

C19: from saccharo- + -in
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for saccharin

saccharin


n.

white crystalline compound used as a sugar substitute, 1885, from German, coined 1879 by Russian-born chemist Constantin Fahlberg (1850-1910), who discovered it by accident, from Latin saccharon (see saccharine). Marketed from 1887 as saccharine.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for saccharin

saccharin

[ săkər-ĭn ]

n.

A white crystalline powder having a taste about 500 times sweeter than cane sugar, used as a calorie-free sweetener.benzosulfimide
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for saccharin

saccharin

[ săkər-ĭn ]

A white, crystalline powder used as a calorie-free sweetener. It tastes about 500 times sweeter than sugar. Saccharin is made from a compound of toluene, which is derived from petroleum. Chemical formula: C7H5NO3S.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.