sandalwood

[ san-dl-woo d ]
/ ˈsæn dlˌwʊd /

noun

the fragrant heartwood of any of certain Asian trees of the genus Santalum, used for ornamental carving and burned as incense.
any of these trees, especially S. album (white sandalwood), an evergreen of India, having ovate leaves and yellowish flowers that turn red.
any of various related or similar trees or their woods, especially an East Indian tree, Pterocarpus santalinus (red sandalwood), of the legume family, or its heavy dark-red wood that yields a dye.

Origin of sandalwood

First recorded in 1505–15; sandal2 + wood1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for sandalwood

sandalwood

sandal

/ (ˈsændəlˌwʊd) /

noun

any of several evergreen hemiparasitic trees of the genus Santalum, esp S. album (white sandalwood), of S Asia and Australia, having hard light-coloured heartwood: family Santalaceae
the wood of any of these trees, which is used for carving, is burned as incense, and yields an aromatic oil used in perfumery
any of various similar trees or their wood, esp Pterocarpus santalinus (red sandalwood), a leguminous tree of SE Asia having dark red wood used as a dye

Word Origin for sandalwood

C14 sandal, from Medieval Latin sandalum, from Late Greek sandanon, from Sanskrit candana sandalwood
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012