saturated

[ sach-uh-rey-tid ]
/ ˈsætʃ əˌreɪ tɪd /

adjective

soaked, impregnated, or imbued thoroughly; charged thoroughly or completely; brought to a state of saturation.
(of colors) of maximum chroma or purity; of the highest intensity of hue; free from admixture of white.
Chemistry.
  1. (of a solution) containing the maximum amount of solute capable of being dissolved under given conditions.
  2. (of an organic compound) containing no double or triple bonds; having each single bond attached to an atom or group.
  3. (of an inorganic compound) having no free valence electrons.

Origin of saturated

First recorded in 1660–70; saturate + -ed2
Related formsnon·sat·u·rat·ed, adjectivesub·sat·u·rat·ed, adjective

Definition for saturated (2 of 2)

Origin of saturate

1530–40; < Latin saturātus (past participle of saturāre to fill), equivalent to satur- full, well-fed (see sad) + -ātus -ate1
Related formsde·sat·u·rate, verb (used with object), de·sat·u·rat·ed, de·sat·u·rat·ing.o·ver·sat·u·rate, verb (used with object), o·ver·sat·u·rat·ed, o·ver·sat·u·rat·ing.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for saturated

British Dictionary definitions for saturated (1 of 2)

saturated

/ (ˈsætʃəˌreɪtɪd) /

adjective

British Dictionary definitions for saturated (2 of 2)

saturate


verb (ˈsætʃəˌreɪt)

to fill, soak, or imbue totally
to make (a chemical compound, vapour, solution, magnetic material, etc) saturated or (of a compound, vapour, etc) to become saturated
(tr) military to bomb or shell heavily

adjective (ˈsætʃərɪt, -ˌreɪt)

a less common word for saturated
Derived Formssaturater or saturator, noun

Word Origin for saturate

C16: from Latin saturāre, from satur sated, from satis enough
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for saturated

saturate


v.

1530s, "to satisfy, satiate," from Latin saturatus, past participle of saturare "to fill full, sate, drench," from satur "sated, full," from PIE root *sa- "to satisfy" (see sad). Meaning "soak thoroughly" first recorded 1756. Marketing sense first recorded 1958. Related: Saturated; saturating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for saturated (1 of 2)

saturated

[ săchə-rā′tĭd ]

adj.

Unable to hold or contain more; full.
Soaked with moisture; drenched.
Combined with or containing all the solute that can normally be dissolved at a given temperature.
Having all available valence bonds filled. Used especially of organic compounds.

Medicine definitions for saturated (2 of 2)

saturate

[ săchə-rāt′ ]

v.

To imbue or impregnate thoroughly.
To soak, fill, or load to capacity.
To cause a substance to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance.
To satisfy all the chemical affinities of a substance; neutralize.
To dissolve a substance up to that concentration beyond which the addition of more results in a second phase.
Related formssatu•ra•ble (săchər-ə-bəl) adj.satu•ra′tor n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for saturated

saturated

[ săchə-rā′tĭd ]

Relating to an organic compound in which all the carbon atoms are joined by single bonds and therefore cannot be combined with any additional atoms or radicals. Propane and cyclopentane are examples of saturated hydrocarbons. Compare unsaturated.
Relating to a solution that is unable to dissolve more of a solute.
Containing as much water vapor as is possible at a given temperature. Air that is saturated has a relative humidity of 100 percent.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.