saturnine

[sat-er-nahyn]
See more synonyms for saturnine on Thesaurus.com
adjective
  1. sluggish in temperament; gloomy; taciturn.
  2. suffering from lead poisoning, as a person.
  3. due to absorption of lead, as bodily disorders.

Origin of saturnine

1400–50; late Middle English < Medieval Latin sāturnīnus (see Saturn, -ine1)
Related formssat·ur·nine·ly, adverbsat·ur·nine·ness, sat·ur·nin·i·ty [sat-er-nin-i-tee] /ˌsæt ərˈnɪn ɪ ti/, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


British Dictionary definitions for saturninity

saturnine

adjective
  1. having a gloomy temperament; taciturn
  2. archaic
    1. of or relating to lead
    2. having or symptomatic of lead poisoning
Derived Formssaturninely, adverbsaturninity (ˌsætəˈnɪnɪtɪ), noun

Word Origin for saturnine

C15: from French saturnin, from Medieval Latin sāturnīnus (unattested), from Latin Sāturnus Saturn, with reference to the gloomy influence attributed to the planet Saturn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for saturninity

saturnine

adj.

"gloomy, morose, sluggish, grave," mid-15c., literally "born under the influence of the planet Saturn," from Middle English Saturne (see Saturn) + -ine (1). Medieval physiology believed these characteristics to be caused by the astrological influence of the planet Saturn, which was the most remote from the Sun (in the limited knowledge of the times) and thus coldest and slowest in its revolution.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

saturninity in Medicine

saturnine

[sătər-nīn′]
adj.
  1. Melancholy or sullen.
  2. Produced by absorption of lead.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.