noun (used with a singular verb) Veterinary Pathology.
Origin of scratches
verb (used with object)
- to divide (one's vote) though predominantly supporting one political party or faction.
- to strike out or reject a particular name or names on (a party ticket) in voting.
verb (used without object)
- a shot resulting in a penalty, especially a pocketing of the cue ball without hitting the object ball.
- a fluke or lucky shot.
Origin of scratch
Origin of Scratch
Related Words for scratcheslaceration, blemish, scrape, rub, graze, scrawl, claw, etch, scribble, pull, withdraw, delete, gash, score, hurt, prick, lacerate, damage, incise, scarify
Examples from the Web for scratches
Contemporary Examples of scratches
He says that someone cut the legs of jogger, when no one had, although her legs were covered with scratches.The Myth of the Central Park Five
October 19, 2014
For nationalists who hate gay people, perhaps the parallel should be “When Russia scratches, the world gets scabies.”Kazhakstan Crazies Want Gay DNA Tests
September 15, 2014
A teen swings from the branches and scratches its back against the jungle floor.Can Gorillas Save the Democratic Republic of the Congo?
April 28, 2014
“A couple of them had scratches, a couple had busted eardrums,” Canaday said.Oklahoma Tornado Hero Teacher Anna Canaday: ‘Take Me Instead’
May 23, 2013
While none mentioned any scratches, a few add low battery life to the complaint about the Maps app.Daily Beast Readers Review Apple’s iPhone 5
September 26, 2012
Historical Examples of scratches
For he was vexed at the scratches he had got in the struggle.Rico and Wiseli
Pennington and Warner both had scratches, but the colonel was unharmed.The Rock of Chickamauga
Joseph A. Altsheler
You have nearly reached that point, and you look right cheerfully on your scratches!His Masterpiece
And they saw that his feet were lame and bruised, and his body covered with scratches.Cossack Fairy Tales and Folk Tales
The scratches on his own flesh were not serious, though they nipped a little at first movement.The Fiery Totem
Word Origin for scratches
- to make a shot resulting in a penalty
- to make a lucky shot
- a competitor or the status of a competitor who has no allowance or receives a penalty
- (as modifier)a scratch player
- the line from which competitors start in a race
- (formerly) a line drawn on the floor of a prize ring at which the contestants stood to begin or continue fighting
- a shot that results in a penalty, as when the cue ball enters the pocket
- a lucky shot
Word Origin for scratch
c.1400, probably a fusion of Middle English scratten and crachen, both meaning "to scratch," both of uncertain origin. Related: Scratched; scratching.
Billiards sense of "to hit the cue ball into a pocket" is first recorded 1909 (also, originally, itch), though earlier it meant "a lucky shot" (1850). Meaning "to withdraw (a horse) from a race" is 1865, from notion of scratching name off list of competitors; used in a non-sporting sense of "cancel a plan, etc." from 1680s. To scratch the surface "make only slight progress in penetrating or understanding" is from 1882. To scratch (one's) head as a gesture of perplexity is recorded from 1712.
in Old Scratch "the Devil," 1740, from earlier Scrat, from Old Norse skratte "goblin, wizard," a word which was used in late Old English to gloss "hermaphrodite;" probably originally "monster" (cf. Old High German scraz, scrato "satyr, wood demon," German Schratt, Old High German screz "a goblin, imp, dwarf;" borrowed from Germanic into Slavic, e.g. Polish skrzot "a goblin").
1580s, "slight skin tear produced by a sharp thing," from scratch (v.). Meaning "mark or slight furrow in metal, etc." is from 1660s. American English slang sense of "money" is from 1914, of uncertain signification. Many figurative senses (e.g. up to scratch, originally "ready to meet one's opponent") are from sporting use for "line or mark drawn as a starting place," attested from 1778 (but the earliest use is figurative); meaning "nothing" (as in from scratch) is 1918, generalized from specific 19c. sporting sense of "starting point of a competitor who receives no odds in a handicap match." Sense in billiards is from 1850. Scratch-pad is attested from 1883.
In addition to the idioms beginning with scratch
- scratch one's head
- scratch someone's back
- scratch the surface
- from scratch
- up to par (scratch)