S, s

[ es ]
/ ɛs /

noun, plural S's or Ss, s's or ss.

the 19th letter of the English alphabet, a consonant.
any spoken sound represented by the letter S or s, as in saw, sense, or goose.
something having the shape of an S.
a written or printed representation of the letter S or s.
a device, as a printer's type, for reproducing the letter S or s.

Definition for s (2 of 19)

Definition for s (3 of 19)

s

Symbol.

Definition for s (4 of 19)

Definition for s (5 of 19)

S

Symbol.

Definition for s (6 of 19)

's1

an ending used in writing to represent the possessive morpheme after most singular nouns, some plural nouns, especially those not ending in a letter or combination of letters representing an s or z sound, noun phrases, and noun substitutes, as in man's, women's, baby's, James's, witness's, (or witness'), king of England's, or anyone's.

Origin of 's

1
Middle English -es, Old English

Definition for s (7 of 19)

's2

contraction of is: She's here.
contraction of does: What's he do for a living now?
contraction of has: He's just gone.

usage note for 's

Definition for s (8 of 19)

's3

Archaic.

a contraction of God's, as in 'swounds; 'sdeath; 'sblood.

Definition for s (9 of 19)

's4

a contraction of us, as in Let's go.

usage note for 's

Definition for s (10 of 19)

's5

a contraction of as, as in so's to get there on time.

Definition for s (11 of 19)

Definition for s (12 of 19)

S.1

(in prescriptions) mark; write; label.

Origin of S.

1
From the Latin word signa

Definition for s (13 of 19)

S.2

(in prescriptions) let it be written.

Origin of S.

2
From the Latin word signētur

Definition for s (14 of 19)

Origin of S.

3
From the Latin word socius

Definition for s (15 of 19)

S.4

Definition for s (16 of 19)

-s1

a native English suffix used in the formation of adverbs: always; betimes; needs; unawares.
Compare -ways.

Origin of -s

1
Middle English -es, Old English; ultimately identical with 's1

Definition for s (17 of 19)

-s2

an ending marking the third person singular indicative active of verbs: walks.

Origin of -s

2
Middle English (north) -(e)s, Old English (north); orig. ending of 2nd person singular, as in Latin and Greek; replacing Middle English, Old English -eth -eth1

Definition for s (18 of 19)

-s3

an ending marking nouns as plural (boys; wolves), occurring also on nouns that have no singular (dregs; entrails; pants; scissors), or on nouns that have a singular with a different meaning (clothes; glasses; manners; thanks). The pluralizing value of -s3 is weakened or lost in a number of nouns that now often take singular agreement, as the names of games (billiards; checkers; tiddlywinks) and of diseases (measles; mumps; pox; rickets); the latter use has been extended to create informal names for a variety of involuntary conditions, physical or mental (collywobbles; d.t.'s; giggles; hots; willies). A parallel set of formations, where -s3 has no plural value, are adjectives denoting socially unacceptable or inconvenient states (bananas; bonkers; crackers; nuts; preggers; starkers); cf. -ers.
Also -es.

Origin of -s

3
Middle English -(e)s, Old English -as, plural nominative and accusative ending of some masculine nouns

Definition for s (19 of 19)

-s4

a suffix of hypocoristic nouns, generally proper names or forms used only in address: Babs; Fats; Suzykins; Sweetums; Toodles.

Origin of -s

4
probably from the metonymic use of nouns formed with -s3, as boots or Goldilocks
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for s

British Dictionary definitions for s (1 of 8)

s

symbol for

second (of time)

British Dictionary definitions for s (2 of 8)

s

S

/ (ɛs) /

noun plural s's, S's or Ss

the 19th letter and 15th consonant of the modern English alphabet
a speech sound represented by this letter, usually an alveolar fricative, either voiceless, as in sit, or voiced, as in dogs
  1. something shaped like an S
  2. (in combination)an S-bend in a road

British Dictionary definitions for s (3 of 8)

S

symbol for

abbreviation for

Sweden (international car registration)

British Dictionary definitions for s (4 of 8)

s.

abbreviation for

see
semi-
shilling
singular
son
succeeded

British Dictionary definitions for s (5 of 8)

S.

abbreviation for

plural SS Saint
school
Sea
Signor
Society

Word Origin for S.

Latin socius

British Dictionary definitions for s (6 of 8)

-s1

-es


suffix

forming the plural of most nounsboys; boxes

Word Origin for -s

from Old English -as, plural nominative and accusative ending of some masculine nouns

British Dictionary definitions for s (7 of 8)

-s2

-es


suffix

forming the third person singular present indicative tense of verbshe runs; she washes

Word Origin for -s

from Old English (northern dialect) -es, -s, originally the ending of the second person singular

British Dictionary definitions for s (8 of 8)

-s3

suffix

forming nicknames and names expressing affection or familiarityFats; Fingers; ducks

Word Origin for -s

special use of -s 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for s (1 of 2)

s

abbr.

semis (half)
sinister (left)

Medicine definitions for s (2 of 2)

S

The symbol for the elementsulfur
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for s (1 of 3)

s

Abbreviation of second (of time), second (of an arc)
The symbol for strangeness.

Science definitions for s (2 of 3)

S

The symbol for sulfur.

Science definitions for s (3 of 3)

sulfur

S

A pale-yellow, brittle nonmetallic element that occurs widely in nature, especially in volcanic deposits, minerals, natural gas, and petroleum. It is used to make gunpowder and fertilizer, to vulcanize rubber, and to produce sulfuric acid. Atomic number 16; atomic weight 32.066; melting point (rhombic) 112.8°C; (monoclinic) 119.0°C; boiling point 444.6°C; specific gravity (rhombic) 2.07; (monoclinic) 1.957; valence 2, 4, 6. See Periodic Table.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.