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maintenance

[meyn-tuh-nuh ns]
noun
  1. the act of maintaining: the maintenance of proper oral hygiene.
  2. the state of being maintained: the maintenance of friendly relations with England.
  3. care or upkeep, as of machinery or property: With proper maintenance the car will last for many years.
  4. means of upkeep, support, or subsistence; livelihood: to provide a comfortable maintenance.
  5. alimony or child support.
  6. Law. an officious meddling in a suit in which the meddler has no interest, by assisting either party with means to prosecute or defend it.
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adjective
  1. Pharmacology, Psychiatry. administered to sustain a desired physiological or mental condition: maintenance dose.
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Origin of maintenance

1275–1325; Middle English maintenaunce < Middle French maintenance. See maintain, -ance
Related formsnon·main·te·nance, nounpre·main·te·nance, nounself-main·te·nance, noun

Synonym study

4. See living.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for self-maintenance

Historical Examples

  • Bad is that which hinders our self-maintenance and active powers.

    Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great Philosophers, Volume 8

    Elbert Hubbard

  • Before this they were doubtless the equals of any non-slaveholding tribe in self-maintenance.

    The Brothers' War

    John Calvin Reed

  • The colored race in the south must be educated by the struggle for existence into self-maintenance.

    The Brothers' War

    John Calvin Reed

  • But it is just as true of the species as of the individual that it lives for itself, and looks above all to self-maintenance.

    The Wonders of Life

    Ernst Haeckel

  • So steady was the progress towards the freedom and self-maintenance of the individual and his family.


British Dictionary definitions for self-maintenance

maintenance

noun
  1. the act of maintaining or the state of being maintained
  2. a means of support; livelihood
  3. (modifier) of or relating to the maintaining of buildings, machinery, etcmaintenance man
  4. law (formerly unlawful) the interference in a legal action by a person having no interest in it, as by providing funds to continue the actionSee also champerty
  5. law a provision ordered to be made by way of periodical payments or a lump sum, as after a divorce for a spouse
  6. computing
    1. the correction or prevention of faults in hardware by a programme of inspection and the replacement of parts
    2. the removal of existing faults and the modification of software in response to changes in specification or environment
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Word Origin

C14: from Old French; see maintain
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for self-maintenance

maintenance

n.

mid-14c., "bearing, deportment," from Old French maintenance "upkeep; shelter, protection,: from maintenir (see maintain). Meaning "action of upholding or keeping in being" is from early 15c. "Action of providing a person with the necessities of life" is from late 14c.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

self-maintenance in Medicine

maintenance

(māntə-nəns)
n.
  1. The extent to which a patient continues good health practices without professional supervision, as distinguished from adherence or compliance.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.