serotonin

[ser-uh-toh-nin, seer-]
|

noun Biochemistry.

a neurotransmitter, derived from tryptophan, that is involved in sleep, depression, memory, and other neurological processes.

Nearby words

  1. serotherapy,
  2. serotinal,
  3. serotine,
  4. serotinous,
  5. serotonergic,
  6. serotype,
  7. serous,
  8. serous cell,
  9. serous cyst,
  10. serous fluid

Origin of serotonin

First recorded in 1945–50; sero- + tone + -in2

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for serotonin


British Dictionary definitions for serotonin

serotonin

noun

a compound that occurs in the brain, intestines, and blood platelets and acts as a neurotransmitter, as well as inducing vasoconstriction and contraction of smooth muscle; 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT)

Word Origin for serotonin

from sero- + ton (ic) + -in

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for serotonin

serotonin

n.

neurotransmitting chemical, 1948, coined from sero-, comb. form of serum (q.v.) + ton(ic) + chemical suffix -in (2).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for serotonin

serotonin

[sĕr′ə-tōnĭn, sîr′-]

n.

An organic compound formed from tryptophan and found in animal and human tissue, especially the brain, blood serum, and gastric mucous membranes, and active in vasoconstriction, stimulation of the smooth muscles, transmission of impulses between nerve cells, and regulation of cyclic body processes.5-hydroxytryptamine

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for serotonin

serotonin

[sĕr′ə-tōnĭn, sîr′-]

A monoamine substance that is formed from tryptophan and found in many animal tissues, including the intestine and central nervous system. In the brain, serotonin acts as a neurotransmitter that is involved in the control of pain perception, the sleep-wake cycle, and mood. Serotonin is also produced in some bacteria and plants.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.