shingles

[ shing-guh lz ]
/ ˈʃɪŋ gəlz /

noun (used with a singular or plural verb) Pathology.

a disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus, especially by reactivated virus in an older person, characterized by skin eruptions and pain along the course of involved sensory nerves.

Origin of shingles

1350–1400; < Medieval Latin cingulum (Latin: girdle; cf. cincture) translation of Greek zṓnē zone in its medical sense; see -s3
Also called herpes zoster.

Definition for shingles (2 of 4)

shingle

1
[ shing-guh l ]
/ ˈʃɪŋ gəl /

noun

a thin piece of wood, slate, metal, asbestos, or the like, usually oblong, laid in overlapping rows to cover the roofs and walls of buildings.
a woman's close-cropped haircut.
Informal. a small signboard, especially as hung before a doctor's or lawyer's office.

verb (used with object), shin·gled, shin·gling.

to cover with shingles, as a roof.
to cut (hair) close to the head.

Origin of shingle

1
1150–1200; Middle English scincle, sc(h)ingle < Medieval Latin scindula lath, shingle (Middle English -g- apparently by association with another unidentified word), Latin scandula (Medieval Latin -i- perhaps by association with Greek schíza lath, splinter, or related words)

Related forms

shin·gler, noun

Definition for shingles (3 of 4)

shingle

2
[ shing-guh l ]
/ ˈʃɪŋ gəl /

noun

small, waterworn stones or pebbles such as lie in loose sheets or beds on a beach.
a beach, riverbank, or other area covered with such small pebbles or stones.

Origin of shingle

2
1530–40; apparently variant of earlier chingle; compare Norwegian singel small stones

Definition for shingles (4 of 4)

shingle

3
[ shing-guh l ]
/ ˈʃɪŋ gəl /

verb (used with object), shin·gled, shin·gling. Metalworking.

to hammer or squeeze (puddled iron) into a bloom or billet, eliminating as much slag as possible; knobble.

Origin of shingle

3
1665–75; < French cingler to whip, beat < German zängeln, derivative of Zange tongs
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for shingles

British Dictionary definitions for shingles (1 of 4)

shingles

/ (ˈʃɪŋɡəlz) /

noun

(functioning as singular) an acute viral disease affecting the ganglia of certain nerves, characterized by inflammation, pain, and skin eruptions along the course of the affected nerveTechnical names: herpes zoster, zoster

Word Origin for shingles

C14: from Medieval Latin cingulum girdle, rendering Greek zōnē zone

British Dictionary definitions for shingles (2 of 4)

shingle

1
/ (ˈʃɪŋɡəl) /

noun

a thin rectangular tile, esp one made of wood, that is laid with others in overlapping rows to cover a roof or a wall
a woman's short-cropped hairstyle
US and Canadian a small signboard or nameplate fixed outside the office of a doctor, lawyer, etc
a shingle short Australian informal unintelligent or mentally subnormal

verb (tr)

to cover (a roof or a wall) with shingles
to cut (the hair) in a short-cropped style

Derived Forms

shingler, noun

Word Origin for shingle

C12 scingle, from Late Latin scindula a split piece of wood, from Latin scindere to split

British Dictionary definitions for shingles (3 of 4)

shingle

2
/ (ˈʃɪŋɡəl) /

noun

coarse gravel, esp the pebbles found on beaches
a place or area strewn with shingle

Derived Forms

shingly, adjective

Word Origin for shingle

C16: of Scandinavian origin; compare Norwegian singl pebbles, Frisian singel gravel

British Dictionary definitions for shingles (4 of 4)

shingle

3
/ (ˈʃɪŋɡəl) /

verb

(tr) metallurgy to hammer or squeeze the slag out of (iron) after puddling in the production of wrought iron

Word Origin for shingle

C17: from Old French dialect chingler to whip, from chingle belt, from Latin cingula girdle; see cingulum
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for shingles

shingles

[ shĭnggəlz ]

n.

An acute infection caused by a herpesvirus and characterized by inflammation of the sensory ganglia of certain spinal or cranial nerves and the eruption of vesicles along the affected nerve path. It usually strikes only one side of the body and is often accompanied by severe neuralgia.herpes zoster zona zoster
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for shingles

shingles

[ shĭnggəlz ]

See under herpes.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with shingles

shingle


see hang out one's shingle.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.