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sop

[sop]
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noun
  1. a piece of solid food, as bread, for dipping in liquid food.
  2. anything thoroughly soaked.
  3. something given to pacify or quiet, or as a bribe: The political boss gave him some cash as a sop.
  4. a weak-willed or spineless person; milksop.
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verb (used with object), sopped, sop·ping.
  1. to dip or soak in liquid food: to sop bread in gravy.
  2. to drench.
  3. to take up (liquid) by absorption (usually followed by up): He used bread to sop up the gravy.
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verb (used without object), sopped, sop·ping.
  1. to be or become soaking wet.
  2. (of a liquid) to soak (usually followed by in).
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Origin of sop

before 1000; (noun) Middle English; Old English sopp; cognate with Old Norse soppa; (v.) Old English soppian, derivative of the noun (not recorded in ME). See sup2

Synonyms

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3. tip, gratuity, payoff.

SOP

or S.O.P.

  1. Standard Operating Procedure; Standing Operating Procedure.
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sop.

  1. soprano.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for sop

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Time was when you all pulled the one way, and a sop to the Pope pleased you all.

    Lord Kilgobbin

    Charles Lever

  • Judas that he was, he took her sop, and then sold her for thirty pieces of silver.

    Little Novels of Italy

    Maurice Henry Hewlett

  • This man—this alleged brother, threw him a sop, insulted him by offering him charity.

    The Mask

    Arthur Hornblow

  • That was one sop to conscience when I remembered that she was a wife.

    Desert Dust

    Edwin L. Sabin

  • To-morrow he will be throwing some sop of reform to the people, and it will be too late for a Republic.

    Vera

    Oscar Wilde


British Dictionary definitions for sop

sop

noun
  1. (often plural) food soaked in a liquid before being eaten
  2. a concession, bribe, etc, given to placate or mollifya sop to one's feelings
  3. informal a stupid or weak person
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verb sops, sopping or sopped
  1. (tr) to dip or soak (food) in liquid
  2. (when intr, often foll by in) to soak or be soaked
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See also sop up

Word Origin

Old English sopp; related to Old Norse soppa soup, Old High German sopfa milk with bread; see sup ²

SOP

abbreviation for
  1. standard operating procedure
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sop.

abbreviation for
  1. soprano
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sop

n.

Old English sopp- "bread soaked in some liquid," (in soppcuppe "cup into which sops are put"), from Proto-Germanic *supp-, related to Old English verb suppan (see sup (v.2)), probably reinforced by Old French soupe (see soup (n.)). Meaning "something given to appease" is from 1660s, a reference to the sops given by the Sibyl to Cerberus in the "Aeneid."

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v.

Old English soppian, from the source of sop (n.). Related: Sopped; sopping.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper