- to refrain from harming or destroying; leave uninjured; forbear to punish, hurt, or destroy: to spare one's enemy.
- to deal gently or leniently with; show consideration for: His harsh criticism spared no one.
- to save from strain, discomfort, embarrassment, or the like, or from a particular cause of it: to spare him the bother; to spare her needless embarrassment.
- to refrain from, forbear, omit, or withhold, as action or speech: Spare us the gory details.
- to refrain from employing, as some instrument or recourse: to spare the rod.
- to set aside for a particular purpose: to spare land for a garden.
- to give or lend, as from a supply, especially without inconvenience or loss: Can you spare a cup of sugar? Can you spare me a dollar till payday?
- to dispense with or do without: We can't spare a single worker during the rush hour.
- to use economically or frugally; refrain from using up or wasting: A walnut sundae, and don't spare the whipped cream!
- to have remaining as excess or surplus: We can make the curtains and have a yard to spare.
- to use economy; be frugal.
- to refrain from inflicting injury or punishment; exercise lenience or mercy.
- Obsolete. to refrain from action; forbear.
- kept in reserve, as for possible use: a spare part.
- being in excess of present need; free for other use: spare time.
- frugally restricted or meager, as a manner of living or a diet: a spare regime.
- lean or thin, as a person.
- scanty or scant, as in amount or fullness.
- economical, moderate, or temperate, as persons; sparing.
- a spare thing, part, etc., as an extra tire for emergency use.
- Ceramics. an area at the top of a plaster mold for holding excess slip.
- the knocking down of all the pins with two bowls.
- a score so made.Compare strike(def 69).
Origin of spare
SynonymsSee more synonyms for spare on Thesaurus.com
Examples from the Web for spare
If the idea of a religious vigilante ambushing sex workers in his spare time sets off alarm bells, it probably should.To Catch a Sex Worker: A&E’s Awful, Exploitative Ambush Show
December 19, 2014
The group encompasses Byrne's art-rock solitariness and the dissociation effects in the spare—somewhat Godardian—staging.The Stacks: Pauline Kael's Talking Heads Obsession
November 22, 2014
No personal significance, or insignificance, can spare one or another of us.Lincoln Was the Founders’ Heir Apparent
Harvey J. Kaye
October 22, 2014
He chose a corner spare room with good ventilation, and put aside a spare set of sheets and silverware, just in case.Apocalypse Now: Preppers Are Gearing Up for Ebola
October 17, 2014
So what if people with some spare cash order eggs Benedict made with jamón Ibérico and duck eggs?Don’t Diss the Beauty of Brunch: Defending Our Favorite Meal
October 15, 2014
Spare me not, therefore, my dear friend, whenever you think me in the least faulty.Clarissa, Volume 1 (of 9)
We employed our spare time in gymnastics, in turning, and in rambles.The Grand Old Man
Richard B. Cook
For her part, she was busy and could not spare time to gossip.Way of the Lawless
Touching the moneys, there is enough and to spare until we reach Montaubon.
Alleyne, you will come with me, and lead a spare horse by the bridle.
- (tr) to refrain from killing, punishing, harming, or injuring
- (tr) to release or relieve, as from pain, suffering, etc
- (tr) to refrain from usingspare the rod, spoil the child
- (tr) to be able to afford or giveI can't spare the time
- (usually passive) (esp of Providence) to allow to surviveI'll see you again next year if we are spared
- (intr) rare to act or live frugally
- (intr) rare to show mercy
- not spare oneself to exert oneself to the full
- to spare more than is requiredtwo minutes to spare
- (often immediately postpositive) in excess of what is needed; additionalare there any seats spare?
- able to be used when neededa spare part
- (of a person) thin and lean
- scanty or meagre
- (postpositive) British slang upset, angry, or distracted (esp in the phrase go spare)
- a duplicate kept as a replacement in case of damage or loss
- a spare tyre
- tenpin bowling
- the act of knocking down all the pins with the two bowls of a single frame
- the score thus madeCompare strike (def. 40)
Word Origin and History for spare
Old English sparian "to refrain from harming, to allow to go free," from the source of Old English spær "sparing, frugal," from Proto-Germanic *sparaz (cf. Old Frisian sparia, Old Norse spara, Old High German sparon "to spare"). Meaning "to dispense from one's own stock" is recorded from early 13c. Related: Spared; sparing.
"kept in reserve, not used," late 14c., from spare (v.). Old English had spær "spare, frugal." In reference to time, from mid-15c.; sense of "flimsy, thin" is recorded from 1540s. Spare part is attested from 1888.
"extra thing or part," 1640s, from spare (v.). Middle English noun sense was "mercy, leniency" (early 14c.). Bowling sense of "a knocking down of all pins in two bowls" is attested from 1849, American English.
Idioms and Phrases with spare
In addition to the idioms beginning with spare
- spare the rod and spoil the child
- spare tire
- to spare