Definition for springs (2 of 2)
verb (used without object), sprang or, often, sprung; sprung; spring·ing.
verb (used with object), sprang or, often, sprung; sprung; spring·ing.
- a popular movement calling for liberal reforms and opposing authoritarian restrictions on freedom and information access (usually used in combination): the brief Seoul Spring of 1979–80; the Academic Spring’s goal of free access to published research.See also Prague Spring, Arab Spring.
- a period of liberalization or democratization.
- warp(def 16).
- a line from the quarter of a vessel to an anchor on the bottom, used to hold the vessel at its mooring, broadside to the current.
- the point at which an arch or dome rises from its support.
- the rise or the angle of the rise of an arch.
Origin of spring
Examples from the Web for springs
Perhaps my outrage at the men defending Cosby springs from my own feelings of guilt.
The function and structure of the watch only needs to be explained in terms of springs, gears, and wheels.The Science Community’s Fight Over an Artificial Brain|Elizabeth Picciuto|July 10, 2014|DAILY BEAST
In a Hot Springs, Arkansas, stud-poker game, a player named Burke became justly incensed one evening because he could not win.
That's because on Game of Thrones, conflict doesn't spring from competing moralities; it springs from competing desires.Game of Thrones’ ‘The Lion and the Rose’: Joffrey’s Demented, Shocking Royal Wedding|Andrew Romano|April 14, 2014|DAILY BEAST
We left the springs with a bagful of colorful rocks and one more story to tell.Big-Sky West Texas: A Road Trip Through Hidden America|Condé Nast Traveler|March 18, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Dolores springs from her seat to the door and looks through the opening into the next room.Zoe; Or, Some Day|May Leonard
At intervals, tempting cross-roads branched away to mountain springs.Bransford of Rainbow Range|Eugene Manlove Rhodes
But to leaue these impertinent discourses, and returne againe to the springs whereby our Pant or Gwin is increased.Chronicles (1 of 6): The Description of Britaine|Raphaell Holinshed
They are fond of salt, and repair in great numbers to the salines, or salt springs, that abound in all parts of America.The Hunters' Feast|Mayne Reid
And there springs Radicofani, the eagle's eyrie of a brigand brood.New Italian sketches|John Addington Symonds
British Dictionary definitions for springs (1 of 2)
British Dictionary definitions for springs (2 of 2)
verb springs, springing, sprang, sprung or sprung
- the quality of resilience; elasticity
- (as modifier)spring steel
- a natural outflow of ground water, as forming the source of a stream
- (as modifier)spring water
- a device, such as a coil or strip of steel, that stores potential energy when it is compressed, stretched, or bent and releases it when the restraining force is removed
- (as modifier)a spring mattress
- (sometimes capital) the season of the year between winter and summer, astronomically from the March equinox to the June solstice in the N hemisphere and from the September equinox to the December solstice in the S hemisphere
- (as modifier)spring showers Related adjective: vernal
Word Origin for spring
Word Origin and History for springs (1 of 4)
Old English springan "to leap, burst forth, fly up" (class III strong verb; past tense sprang, past participle sprungen), from Proto-Germanic *sprenganan (cf. Old Norse, Old Frisian springa, Middle Dutch springhen, Old High German springan, German springen), from PIE *sprengh- "rapid movement" (cf. Sanskrit sprhayati "desires eagerly," Greek sperkhesthai "to hurry").
In Middle English, it took on the role of causal sprenge, from Old English sprengan (as still in to spring a trap, etc.). Slang meaning "to pay" (for a treat, etc.) is recorded from 1906. Meaning "to announce suddenly" (usually with on) is from 1876. Meaning "to release" (from imprisonment) is from 1900.
Word Origin and History for springs (1 of 4)
"season following winter," 1540s, earlier springing time (late 14c.), spring-time (late 15c.), spring of the year (1520s), which had replaced Old English Lent by late 14c. From spring (v.); also see spring (n.3). The notion is of the "spring of the year," when plants "spring up" (cf. spring of the leaf, 1530s).
Other Germanic languages tend to take words for "fore" or "early" as their roots for the season name, cf. Danish voraar, Dutch voorjaar, literally "fore-year;" German Frühling, from Middle High German vrueje "early." In 15c., the season also was prime-temps, after Old French prin tans, tamps prim (French printemps, which replaced primevère 16c. as the common word for spring), from Latin tempus primum, literally "first time, first season."
Spring fever was Old English lenctenadle; first record of spring cleaning is in 1857 (in ancient Persia, the first month, corresponding to March-April, was Adukanaiša, which apparently means "Irrigation-Canal-Cleaning Month;" Kent, p.167). Spring chicken "small roasting chicken" (usually 11 to 14 weeks) is recorded from 1780; transferred sense of "young person" first recorded 1906. Spring training first attested 1897.
Word Origin and History for springs (2 of 4)
"source of a stream or river," Old English, from spring (v.) on the notion of the water "bursting forth" from the ground. Rarely used alone, appearing more often in compounds, e.g. wyllspring "wellspring." Figurative sense of "source or origin of something" is attested from early 13c.
Word Origin and History for springs (3 of 4)
"act of springing or leaping," mid-15c., from spring (v.). The elastic coil that returns to its shape when stretched is so called from early 15c., originally in clocks and watches. As a device in carriages, coaches, etc., it is attested from 1660s. The oldest noun sense (c.1300) is a general one of "action or time of rising or springing into existence." It was used of sunrise, the waxing of the moon, rising tides, etc., and is preserved in spring (n.1).