pit

1
[pit]
||

noun

verb (used with object), pit·ted, pit·ting.

verb (used without object), pit·ted, pit·ting.

to become marked with pits or depressions.
(of body tissue) to retain temporarily a mark of pressure, as by a finger, instrument, etc.

Origin of pit

1
before 900; (noun) Middle English; Old English pytt < Latin puteus well, pit, shaft; (v.) derivative of the noun

Synonyms for pit

pit

2
[pit]Chiefly Northern U.S.

noun

the stone of a fruit, as of a cherry, peach, or plum.

verb (used with object), pit·ted, pit·ting.

to remove the pit from (a fruit or fruits): to pit cherries for a pie.

Origin of pit

2
1835–45, Americanism; < Dutch: kernel; cognate with pith
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


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British Dictionary definitions for pit

pit

1

noun

a large, usually deep opening in the ground
  1. a mine or excavation with a shaft, esp for coal
  2. the shaft in a mine
  3. (as modifier)pit pony; pit prop
a concealed danger or difficulty
the pit hell
Also called: orchestra pit the area that is occupied by the orchestra in a theatre, located in front of the stage
an enclosure for fighting animals or birds, esp gamecocks
anatomy
  1. a small natural depression on the surface of a body, organ, structure, or part; fossa
  2. the floor of any natural bodily cavitythe pit of the stomach
pathol a small indented scar at the site of a former pustule; pockmark
any of various small areas in a plant cell wall that remain unthickened when the rest of the cell becomes lignified, esp the vascular tissue
a working area at the side of a motor-racing track for servicing or refuelling vehicles
a section on the floor of a commodity exchange devoted to a special line of trading
a rowdy card game in which players bid for commodities
an area of sand or other soft material at the end of a long-jump approach, behind the bar of a pole vault, etc, on which an athlete may land safely
the ground floor of the auditorium of a theatre
British a slang word for bed (def. 1), bedroom (def. 1)
another word for pitfall (def. 2)

verb pits, pitting or pitted

(tr often foll by against) to match in opposition, esp as antagonists
to mark or become marked with pits
(tr) to place or bury in a pit
See also pits

Word Origin for pit

Old English pytt, from Latin puteus; compare Old French pet, Old High German pfuzzi

pit

2

noun

the stone of a cherry, plum, etc

verb pits, pitting or pitted

(tr) to extract the stone from (a fruit)

Word Origin for pit

C19: from Dutch: kernel; compare pith

pit

3

verb

a Scot word for put
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for pit
n.1

"hole, cavity," Old English pytt "water hole, well; pit, grave," from West Germanic *puttjaz "pool, puddle" (cf. Old Frisian pet, Old Saxon putti, Old Norse pyttr, Middle Dutch putte, Dutch put, Old High German pfuzza, German Pfütze "pool, puddle"), early borrowing from Latin puteus "well, pit, shaft." Meaning "abode of evil spirits, hell" is attested from early 13c. Pit of the stomach (1650s) is from the slight depression there between the ribs.

n.2

"hard seed," 1841, from Dutch pit "kernel, seed, marrow," from Middle Dutch pitte, ultimately from West Germanic *pithan-, source of pith (q.v.).

v.

mid-15c., "to put into a pit," from pit (n.1); especially for purposes of fighting (of cocks, dogs, pugilists) from 1760. Figurative sense of "to set in rivalry" is from 1754. Meaning "to make pits in" is from late 15c. Related: Pitted; pitting. Cf. Pit-bull as a dog breed attested from 1922, short for pit-bull terrier (by 1912). This also is the notion behind the meaning "the part of a theater on the floor of the house" (1640s).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

pit in Medicine

pit

[pĭt]

n.

A natural hollow or depression in the body or an organ.
A pockmark.
A sharp-pointed depression in the enamel surface of a tooth, caused by faulty or incomplete calcification or formed by the confluent point of two or more lobes of enamel.

v.

To mark with cavities, depressions, or scars.
To retain an impression after being indented. Used of the skin.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

pit in Science

pit

[pĭt]

The hard, inner layer (the endocarp) of certain drupes that are valued for their flesh, such as peaches, cherries, or olives. Not in scientific use.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with pit

pit

In addition to the idiom beginning with pit

  • pit against

also see:

  • the pits
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.