Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

stigma

[stig-muh]
See more synonyms for stigma on Thesaurus.com
noun, plural stig·ma·ta [stig-muh-tuh, stig-mah-tuh, -mat-uh] /ˈstɪg mə tə, stɪgˈmɑ tə, -ˈmæt ə/, stig·mas.
  1. a mark of disgrace or infamy; a stain or reproach, as on one's reputation.
  2. Medicine/Medical.
    1. a mental or physical mark that is characteristic of a defect or disease: the stigmata of leprosy.
    2. a place or point on the skin that bleeds during certain mental states, as in hysteria.
  3. Zoology.
    1. a small mark, spot, or pore on an animal or organ.
    2. the eyespot of a protozoan.
    3. an entrance into the respiratory system of insects.
  4. Botany. the part of a pistil that receives the pollen.
  5. stigmata, marks resembling the wounds of the crucified body of Christ, said to be supernaturally impressed on the bodies of certain persons, especially nuns, tertiaries, and monastics.
  6. Archaic. a mark made by a branding iron on the skin of a criminal or slave.
Show More

Origin of stigma

1580–90; < Latin < Greek stígma tattoo mark, equivalent to stig- (stem of stízein to tattoo) + -ma noun suffix denoting result of action; see stick2

Synonyms

See more synonyms for on Thesaurus.com
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

stain, scar, odium, blot, disgrace, disfigurement, slur, dishonor, brand, spot, taint, imputation, mark, blame, blemish, onus, reproach

Examples from the Web for stigma

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples


British Dictionary definitions for stigma

stigma

noun plural stigmas or for sense 7 stigmata (ˈstɪɡmətə, stɪɡˈmɑːtə)
  1. a distinguishing mark of social disgracethe stigma of having been in prison
  2. a small scar or mark such as a birthmark
  3. pathol
    1. any mark on the skin, such as one characteristic of a specific disease
    2. any sign of a mental deficiency or emotional upset
  4. botany the receptive surface of a carpel, where deposited pollen germinates
  5. zoology
    1. a pigmented eyespot in some protozoans and other invertebrates
    2. the spiracle of an insect
  6. archaic a mark branded on the skin
  7. (plural) Christianity marks resembling the wounds of the crucified Christ, believed to appear on the bodies of certain individuals
Show More

Word Origin

C16: via Latin from Greek: brand, from stizein to tattoo
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for stigma

n.

1590s, "mark made on skin by burning with a hot iron," from Latin stigma (plural stigmata), from Greek stigma (genitive stigmatos) "mark, puncture," especially one made by a pointed instrument, from root of stizein "to mark, tattoo," from PIE *st(e)ig- (see stick (v.)). Figurative meaning "a mark of disgrace" is from 1610s. Stigmas "marks resembling the wounds on the body of Christ, appearing supernaturally on the bodies of the devout" is from 1630s; earlier stigmate (late 14c.), from Latin stigmata.

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

stigma in Medicine

stigma

(stĭgmə)
n. pl. stig•mas
  1. Visible evidence of a disease.
  2. A spot or blemish on the skin.
  3. A bleeding spot on the skin considered as a manifestation of conversion disorder.
  4. The orange pigmented eyespot of certain chlorophyll-bearing protozoa, such as Euglena viridis. It serves as a light filter by absorbing certain wavelengths.
  5. A mark of shame or discredit.
  6. Follicular stigma.
Show More
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

stigma in Science

stigma

[stĭgmə]
  1. The sticky tip of a flower pistil, on which pollen is deposited at the beginning of pollination. See more at flower.
Show More
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.