stockfish

[ stok-fish ]
/ ˈstɒkˌfɪʃ /

noun, plural (especially collectively) stock·fish, (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) stock·fish·es.

fish, as the cod or haddock, cured by splitting and drying in the air without salt.

Origin of stockfish

1250–1300; Middle English stocfish < Middle Dutch stocvisch. See stock, fish
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for stockfish

stockfish
/ (ˈstɒkˌfɪʃ) /

noun plural -fish or -fishes

fish, such as cod or haddock, cured by splitting and drying in the air

Word Origin for stockfish

C13: of uncertain origin. Perhaps from stock (in the sense: stem, tree trunk) because it was dried on wooden racks. Compare Middle Dutch stocvisch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012