View synonyms for stock


[ stok ]


  1. a supply of goods kept on hand for sale to customers by a merchant, distributor, manufacturer, etc.; inventory.

    Synonyms: reserve, provisions, store

  2. a quantity of something accumulated, as for future use:

    a stock of provisions.

  3. Theater. a stock company:

    a job in summer stock.

  4. Finance.
    1. the outstanding capital of a company or corporation.
    2. the shares of a particular company or corporation.
    3. the certificate of ownership of such stock; stock certificate.
    4. (formerly) a tally or stick used in transactions between a debtor and a creditor.
  5. Horticulture.
    1. Also called understock. in grafting, a stem in which the bud or scion is inserted.
    2. a stem, tree, or plant that furnishes slips or cuttings; stock plant.
  6. the trunk or main stem of a tree or other plant, as distinguished from roots and branches.
  7. the type from which a group of animals or plants has been derived.
  8. a species or other related group of animals or plants.
  9. the person from whom a given line of descent is derived; the original progenitor.
  10. Anthropology. a line of descent or lineage; a racial or ethnic group.
  11. Linguistics. a category consisting of language families that, because of resemblances in grammatical structure and vocabulary, are considered likely to be related by common origin. Compare family ( def 16 ), phylum ( def 2 ).
  12. any grouping of related languages.
  13. the handle of a whip, fishing rod, etc.

    Synonyms: haft

  14. Firearms.
    1. the wooden or metal piece to which the barrel and mechanism of a rifle are attached.
    2. a part of an automatic weapon, as a machine gun, similar in position or function.
  15. the trunk or stump of a tree, left standing.
  16. a dull or stupid person.
  17. something lifeless or senseless.
  18. the main upright part of anything, especially a supporting structure.
  19. stocks,
    1. a former instrument of punishment consisting of a framework with holes for securing the ankles and, sometimes, the wrists, used to expose an offender to public derision. Compare pillory ( def 1 ).
    2. a frame in which a horse or other animal is secured in a standing position for shoeing or for a veterinary operation.
    3. the frame on which a boat rests while under construction.
  20. Nautical.
    1. a vertical shaft forming part of a rudder and controlling the rudder's movement.
    2. a transverse piece of wood or metal near the ring on some anchors.
  21. the metal or wooden body of a carpenter's plane.
  22. Metallurgy.
    1. material being smelted in a blast furnace.
    2. a metal piece to be forged.
  23. Printing.
    1. a specified quality or kind of paper: card stock;

      glossy stock;

      card stock;

      offset stock.

    2. the paper for printing a particular job:

      We don't have enough stock for that large a run.

  24. the raw material from which something is made.
  25. Papermaking. stuff ( def 15 ).
  26. Cooking. the liquor or broth prepared by boiling meat, fish, chicken, etc., with or without vegetables or seasonings, and used especially as a foundation for soups and sauces.
  27. any of several plants belonging to the genus Matthiola, of the mustard family, especially M. incana, having fragrant white, blue, purple, reddish, or yellowish flowers.
  28. a rhizome or rootstock.
  29. Zoology. a compound organism, as a colony of corals.
  30. a collar or a neckcloth fitting like a band around the neck.
  31. Cards. the portion of a pack of cards that, in certain games, is not dealt out to the players, but is left on the table, to be drawn from as occasion requires.
  32. an adjustable wrench for holding dies for cutting screws.
  33. Railroads. rolling stock.
  34. Dominoes. boneyard ( def 3 ).
  35. Roman Catholic Church. one of a set of three metal containers for holy oil.
  36. Geology, Mining. an irregular igneous intrusion, usually an offshoot of a batholith, often mineralized.
  37. Archaic. a stocking.
  38. Obsolete. the frame of a plow to which the share, handles, etc., are attached.


  1. kept regularly on hand, as for use or sale; staple; standard:

    stock articles.

  2. having as one's job the care of a concern's goods:

    a stock clerk.

  3. of the common or ordinary type; in common use:

    a stock argument.

    Synonyms: usual

  4. banal; commonplace:

    a stock remark.

  5. pertaining to or designating the breeding and raising of livestock:

    stock farming.

  6. Southern U.S. (chiefly Southern Appalachian and South Atlantic States). (of farm animals) being a fully grown male:

    a stock hog.

  7. of or relating to the stock of a company or corporation:

    a stock report.

  8. Theater.
    1. pertaining to a stock company.
    2. appearing together in a repertoire, as a company.
    3. forming part of a repertoire, as a play.
    4. being a character type fixed by convention, as in the commedia dell'-arte, a harlequinade, minstrel show, or the like.
  9. Informal. of, relating to, or characteristic of a stock car.

verb (used with object)

  1. to furnish with a stock or supply.
  2. to furnish with stock, as a farm with horses, cattle, etc.
  3. to lay up in store, as for future use.
  4. to fasten to or provide with a stock, as a rifle, plow, bell, anchor, etc.
  5. to put in the stocks as a punishment.

verb (used without object)

  1. to lay in a stock of something (often followed by up ).


/ stɒk /


    1. sometimes plural the total goods or raw material kept on the premises of a shop or business
    2. ( as modifier )

      stock book

      a stock clerk

  1. a supply of something stored for future use

    he keeps a good stock of whisky

  2. finance
    1. the capital raised by a company through the issue and subscription of shares entitling their holders to dividends, partial ownership, and usually voting rights
    2. the proportion of such capital held by an individual shareholder
    3. the shares of a specified company or industry
    4. (formerly) the part of an account or tally given to a creditor
    5. the debt represented by this
  3. standing or status
    1. farm animals, such as cattle and sheep, bred and kept for their meat, skins, etc
    2. ( as modifier )

      stock farming

  4. the trunk or main stem of a tree or other plant
  5. horticulture
    1. a rooted plant into which a scion is inserted during grafting
    2. a plant or stem from which cuttings are taken See also rootstock
  6. the original type from which a particular race, family, group, etc, is derived
  7. a race, breed, or variety of animals or plants
  8. often plural a small pen in which a single animal can be confined
  9. a line of descent
  10. any of the major subdivisions of the human species; race or ethnic group
  11. the part of a rifle, sub-machine-gun, etc, into which the barrel and firing mechanism is set: held by the firer against the shoulder
  12. the handle of something, such as a whip or fishing rod
  13. the main body of a tool, such as the block of a plane
  14. (formerly) the part of a plough to which the irons and handles were attached
  15. the main upright part of a supporting structure
  16. a liquid or broth in which meat, fish, bones, or vegetables have been simmered for a long time
  17. film material before exposure and processing
  18. metallurgy
    1. a portion of metal cut from a bar upon which a specific process, such as forging, is to be carried out
    2. the material that is smelted in a blast furnace
  19. Also calledgillyflower any of several plants of the genus Matthiola, such as M. incana and M. bicornis ( evening or night-scented stock ), of the Mediterranean region, cultivated for their brightly coloured flowers: Brassicaceae (crucifers)
  20. Virginian stock
    a similar and related North American plant, Malcolmia maritima
  21. a long usually white neckcloth wrapped around the neck, worn in the 18th century and as part of modern riding dress
  22. cards a pile of cards left after the deal in certain games, from which players draw
    1. the repertoire of plays available to a repertory company
    2. ( as modifier )

      a stock play

  23. (on some types of anchors) a crosspiece at the top of the shank under the ring
  24. the centre of a wheel
  25. an exposed igneous intrusion that is smaller in area than a batholith
  26. a log or block of wood
  27. an archaic word for stocking
  28. in stock
    1. stored on the premises or available for sale or use
    2. supplied with goods of a specified kind
  29. out of stock
    1. not immediately available for sale or use
    2. not having goods of a specified kind immediately available
  30. take stock
    1. to make an inventory
    2. to make a general appraisal, esp of prospects, resources, etc
  31. take stock in
    to attach importance to
  32. lock, stock, and barrel
    See lock 1


  1. staple, standard

    stock sizes in clothes

  2. prenominal being a cliché; hackneyed

    a stock phrase


  1. tr to keep (goods) for sale
  2. intr; usually foll by up or up on to obtain a store of (something) for future use or sale

    to stock up on beer

  3. tr to supply with live animals, fish, etc

    to stock a farm

  4. intr (of a plant) to put forth new shoots
  5. obsolete.
    tr to punish by putting in the stocks


/ stŏk /

  1. The trunk or main stem of a tree or another plant.
  2. A plant or stem onto which a graft is made.
  3. A plant or tree from which cuttings and scions are taken.


  1. A share in the ownership of a corporation .

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Derived Forms

  • ˈstocker, noun

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Other Words From

  • stocklike adjective
  • de·stock verb (used with object)
  • non·stock noun adjective
  • pre·stock noun verb (used with object)
  • substock noun
  • un·stocked adjective
  • well-stocked adjective

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Word History and Origins

Origin of stock1

First recorded before 900; (for the noun) Middle English; Old English stoc(c) “stump, stake, post, log”; cognate with German Stock, Old Norse stokkr “tree trunk”; verb derivative of the noun

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Word History and Origins

Origin of stock1

Old English stocc trunk (of a tree), stem, stick (the various senses developed from these meanings, as trunk of a tree, hence line of descent; structures made of timber; a store of timber or other goods for future use, hence an aggregate of goods, animals, etc); related to Old Saxon, Old High German stock stick, stump

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Idioms and Phrases

  1. in stock, on hand for use or sale:

    There are no more blue skirts in stock.

  2. on the stocks,
    1. under construction, as especially a ship.
    2. in progress or preparation:

      a new novel on the stocks.

  3. out of stock, lacking a supply of, especially temporarily:

    We are out of stock in this item.

  4. take stock,
    1. to make an inventory of stock on hand.
    2. to make an appraisal of resources or prospects:

      She took stock of her decorating scheme and decided it was time for a change.

  5. take / put stock in, to put confidence in or attach importance to; believe; trust:

    Considering his general unreliability, I can't take stock in what he has told you.

  6. lock, stock, and barrel. lock 1( def 30 ).

More idioms and phrases containing stock

see in stock ; lock, stock, and barrel ; make a laughing stock of ; take stock ; take stock in .

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Example Sentences

The stock closed at $253, more than double the $120 the price at which the company and its bankers initially valued them.

From Quartz

Taking the company public in 2012 at a valuation of about $2 billion, ServiceNow today has a stock market value of almost $90 billion.

From Fortune

As for value stocks, investors are getting the message on that front too.

From Fortune

The worst crash in the company’s stock was a plunge of almost 95%.

From Fortune

Nikola's stock lost 11 percent on Thursday and is down an additional 15 percent in Friday morning trading.

In our headlong quest for a legally perfect society, we don’t take the time to take stock of what‘s been created so far.

If his 20s were about traveling and his 30s “about taking stock,” he hopes his 40s will be about “building and expanding.”

The obnoxious meddling journalist is a stock character in fiction.

On Friday, the stock market hit new highs—even as wages were stagnating.

Yes, the stock market is booming but overwhelmingly Americans are unhappy with their economic situation—and for good reason.

Neither privately owned nor government stock is entitled to voting power.

I didn't take much stock in the yarn at the time, but I'm beginning to think he had it straight.

One day she had heard a man say, "If there is a drought we shall have the devil to pay with our stock before winter is over."

Cotton exchanges reopened on November 16, and stock exchanges opened for restricted trading shortly thereafter.

The white ranchmen in the valley were all fencing in their lands; no more free running of stock.


Definitions and idiom definitions from Unabridged, based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

Idioms from The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.




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