• synonyms


noun, plural stru·mae [stroo-mee] /ˈstru mi/.
  1. Pathology. goiter.
  2. Botany. a cushionlike swelling on an organ, as that at one side of the base of the capsule in many mosses.
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Origin of struma

1555–65; < New Latin; Latin strūma scrofulous tumor


  1. a river in S Europe, flowing SE through SW Bulgaria and NE Greece into the Aegean. 225 miles (362 km) long.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for struma

Historical Examples of struma

  • They therefore have no significance as far as struma is concerned.

    A System of Practical Medicine By American Authors, Vol. II


  • There was a lull on the Struma, he said, his tired, refined voice concealing the irony.


    William McFee

  • Laurentius reports that Francis I, when a prisoner in Spain, cured a great number of people of struma (scrofula).

  • On the Struma front in 1917 a bombing plane was being put back into its hangar.

  • She was one of those beautiful white-and-pink creatures who are rotten with struma.

British Dictionary definitions for struma


noun plural -mae (-miː)
  1. pathol an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland; goitre
  2. botany a swelling, esp one at the base of a moss capsule
  3. another word for scrofula
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Derived Formsstrumatic (struːˈmætɪk), strumous (ˈstruːməs) or strumose (ˈstruːməʊs), adjective

Word Origin for struma

C16: from Latin: a scrofulous tumour, from struere to heap up


  1. a river in S Europe, rising in SW Bulgaria near Sofia and flowing generally southeast through Greece to the Aegean. Length: 362 km (225 miles)Greek names: Strimon, Strymon
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

struma in Medicine


n. pl. stru•mas
  1. Goiter.
  2. scrofula
  3. Enlargement of a tissue. No longer in technical use.
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Related formsstru•matic (-mătĭk) null null adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.