[kuh m-poh-nuh nt, kom-]
a constituent part; element; ingredient.
a part of a mechanical or electrical system: hi-fi components.
Physics. the projection of a vector quantity, as force or velocity, along an axis.
Physical Chemistry. one of the set of the minimum number of chemical constituents by which every phase of a given system can be described.
- a connected subset of a set, not contained in any other connected subset of the set.
- a coordinate of a vector.
being or serving as an element (in something larger); composing; constituent: the component parts of a computer system.
Origin of component
Synonyms for component
1. See element.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
a constituent part or aspect of something more complexa component of a car
Also called: element any electrical device, such as a resistor, that has distinct electrical characteristics and that may be connected to other electrical devices to form a circuit
- one of a set of two or more vectors whose resultant is a given vector
- the projection of this given vector onto a specified line
one of the minimum number of chemically distinct constituents necessary to describe fully the composition of each phase in a systemSee phase rule
forming or functioning as a part or aspect; constituent
Word Origin for component
C17: from Latin compōnere to put together, from pōnere to place, put
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
1640s, "constitutional element" (earlier "one of a group of persons," 1560s), from Latin componentem (nominative componens), present participle of componere "to put together" (see composite). As an adjective, from 1660s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper