SYNONYMS | WORD ORIGIN verb (used without object) to give way to superior force; yield: to succumb to despair. to yield to disease, wounds, old age, etc.; die. Origin of succumb 1480–90;
transitive derivative of
to lie, recline; cf.
incumbent Related forms suc·cumb·er, noun un·suc·cumb·ing, adjective
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for succumber verb ( intr often foll by to) to give way in face of the overwhelming force (of) or desire (for) to be fatally overwhelmed (by disease, old age, etc); die (of) Derived Forms succumber, noun Word Origin for succumb
C15: from Latin
succumbere to be overcome, from sub- + -cumbere from cubāre to lie down
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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Word Origin and History for succumber v.
late 15c., from Middle French
succomber, from Latin succumbere "submit, sink down, lie under," from sub "down" (see sub-) + -cumbere "take a reclining position," related to cubare "lie down" (see cubicle). Originally transitive; sense of "sink under pressure" is first recorded c.1600. Related: Succumbed; succumbing.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper