[ tuh-jik-uh-stan, -stahn, -jee-kuh-, tah-; Russian tuh-ji-kyi-stahn ]

  1. a republic in central Asia, N of Afghanistan. 55,240 sq. mi. (143,600 sq. km). Capital: Dushanbe.

  • Formerly Tadzhik Soviet Socialist Republic.
  • Also Ta·dzhik·i·stan .

Words Nearby Tajikistan

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use Tajikistan in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for Tajikistan


Tadzhikistan or Tadjikistan

/ (tɑːˌdʒɪkɪˈstɑːn, -stæn) /

  1. a republic in central Asia: under Uzbek rule from the 15th century until taken over by Russia in the 1860s, it became an autonomous Soviet republic in 1929 and gained full independence from the Soviet Union in 1991; it is mainly mountainous. Official language: Tajik or Tajiki. Religion: believers are mainly Muslim. Currency: somoni. Capital: Dushanbe. Pop: 7 910 041 (2013 est). Area: 143 100 sq km (55 240 sq miles)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Cultural definitions for Tajikistan


[ (tah-jik-uh-stan, tah-jik-uh-stahn, tah-jee-kuh-stan, tah-jee-kuh-stahn) ]

Republic in central Asia, bounded by Uzbekistan to the west and northwest, Kyrgyzstan to the north, China to the east, and Afghanistan to the south. Its capital and largest city is Dushanbe.

Notes for Tajikistan

This former member of the Soviet Union declared its independence in 1991.

Notes for Tajikistan

Tajikistan is predominantly Muslim.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.