1. a small, dun-colored wild horse chiefly of southern Russia, having a flowing mane and tail: extinct since the early 20th century but somewhat restored by selective breeding of mixed-breed domestic horses, and sustained in zoos.

Origin of tarpan

1835–45; < Russian tarpán, said to be < Kazakh or Kirghiz
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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Historical Examples of tarpan

British Dictionary definitions for tarpan


  1. a European wild horse, Equus caballus gomelini, common in prehistoric times but now extinct

Word Origin for tarpan

from Kirghiz Tatar
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012