terpene

[ tur-peen ]
/ ˈtɜr pin /
|

noun Chemistry.

(originally) any of a class of monocyclic hydrocarbons of the formula C10H16, obtained from plants.
this class or any of its oxygenated derivatives, any hydrocarbon from the same source having the formula C5H8 (hemiterpene), the formula C10H16 with an aliphatic structure (acyclic terpene) or two-ringed structure (bicyclic terpene), the formula C15H24 (sesquiterpene), etc., and any of their oxygenated derivatives.

Nearby words

  1. terneplate,
  2. terni,
  3. ternion,
  4. ternopol,
  5. terotechnology,
  6. terpenic,
  7. terpenoid,
  8. terpin hydrate,
  9. terpineol,
  10. terpolymer

Origin of terpene

1865–70; alteration of terebene, with p from turpentine

Related formster·pene·less, adjectiveter·pe·nic [tur-pee-nik] /tɜrˈpi nɪk/, adjective

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for terpene

terpene

/ (ˈtɜːpiːn) /

noun

any one of a class of unsaturated hydrocarbons, such as the carotenes, that are found in the essential oils of many plants. Their molecules contain isoprene units and have the general formula (C 5 H 8) n
Derived Formsterpenic, adjective

Word Origin for terpene

C19: terp- from obsolete terpentine turpentine + -ene

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for terpene

terpene

[ tûrpēn′ ]

n.

Any of various unsaturated hydrocarbons in essential oils and certain resins of plants and used in organic syntheses.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for terpene

terpene

[ tûrpēn′ ]

Any of a class of hydrocarbons consisting of two or more isoprene (C5H8) units joined together. Simple terpenes are found in the essential oils and resins of plants such as conifers. Turpentine, for example, is such an oil. More complex terpenes include vitamin A, carotenoid pigments (such as lycopene), squalene, and rubber. Terpenes are used in organic synthesis.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.