Origin of trump

1
First recorded in 1520–30; unexplained variant of triumph
Related formstrump·less, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


British Dictionary definitions for trump up

trump up

verb

(tr, adverb) to concoct or invent (a charge, accusation, etc) so as to deceive or implicate someone

trump

1

noun

Also called: trump card
  1. any card from the suit chosen as trumps
  2. this suit itself; trumps
Also called: trump card a decisive or advantageous move, resource, action, etc
informal a fine or reliable person

verb

to play a trump card on (a suit, or a particular card of a suit, that is not trumps)
(tr) to outdo or surpass
See also trumps, trump up
Derived Formstrumpless, adjective

Word Origin for trump

C16: variant of triumph

trump

2

noun

a trumpet or the sound produced by one
the last trump the final trumpet call that according to the belief of some will awaken and raise the dead on the Day of Judgment

verb

(intr) to produce a sound upon or as if upon the trumpet
(tr) to proclaim or announce with or as if with a fanfare
(intr) British slang to expel intestinal gas through the anus

Word Origin for trump

C13: from Old French trompe, from Old High German trumpa trumpet; compare trombone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for trump up

trump

n.1

"playing card of a suit ranking above others," 1520s, alteration of triumph, name of a card game.

trump

v.

"fabricate, devise," 1690s, from trump "deceive, cheat" (1510s), from Middle English trumpen (late 14c.), from Old French tromper "deceive," of uncertain origin, perhaps from a verb meaning "to blow a trumpet." Related: Trumped; trumping. Trumped up "false, concocted" first recorded 1728.

trump

n.2

"trumpet," c.1300, from Old French trompe "long, tube-like musical wind instrument" (12c.), cognate with Provençal tromba, Italian tromba, all probably from a Germanic source (cf. Old High German trumpa and Old Norse trumba "trumpet"), of imitative origin.

trump

v.

"surpass, beat," 1580s, from trump (n.). Related: Trumped; trumping.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with trump up

trump up

Concoct fraudulently, fabricate, as in They trumped up a charge of conspiracy, or She had trumped up another excuse for not doing the work. This expression, first recorded in 1695, uses trump in the sense of “devise fraudulently,” a usage otherwise obsolete.

trump

In addition to the idioms beginning with trump

  • trump card
  • trump up

also see:

  • hold all the aces (trumps)
  • turn up trumps
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.