- a tropical cyclone or hurricane of the western Pacific area and the China seas.
- a violent storm or tempest of India.
- (initial capital letter) Military.
- a single-engine British ground attack aircraft of World War II.
- NATO's name for a class of nuclear-powered Soviet ballistic missile submarine carrying 20 multiwarhead missiles.
Origin of typhoon
Examples from the Web for typhoon
You can feel compassion for the victim of discrimination or the victim of Typhoon Haiyan or for a drug addict.The Cheney ‘Compassion’ Trap
November 19, 2013
The men stayed behind in Candahug while the women escaped to higher ground when Typhoon Haiyan moved in.
That was then - before last week's typhoon wreaked unprecedented devastation.
The deputy mayor defended his government from accusations that it did not do more to prepare its people for typhoon Haiyan.Typhoon Haiyan Tacloban Leaders Calls on Rebels to Avoid Armed Violence
November 14, 2013
Typhoon fighter jets will patrol the skies, and Puma helicopters will be at the ready with airborne snipers.London Cracks Down on Security for Olympic Games
July 9, 2012
We was heaving cargo overboard like a leaky ship in a typhoon.Cape Cod Stories
Joseph C. Lincoln
And then he closed resolutely his entries: "Every appearance of a typhoon coming on."Typhoon
When a typhoon is approaching vessels have to run to Cavite for shelter.The Philippine Islands
Do you think we are going wrong, or that there is a typhoon within hail?Four Young Explorers
Another time, and we were caught in a typhoon off the north coast.The Great White Tribe in Filipinia
Paul T. Gilbert
- a violent tropical storm or cyclone, esp in the China seas and W Pacific
- a violent storm of India
Word Origin and History for typhoon
Tiphon "violent storm, whirlwind, tornado," 1550s, from Greek typhon "whirlwind," personified as a giant, father of the winds, perhaps from typhein "to smoke" (cf. typhus). The meaning "cyclone, violent hurricane of India or the China Seas" (1580s) is first recorded in T. Hickock's translation of an account in Italian of a voyage to the East Indies by Caesar Frederick, a merchant of Venice:
concerning which Touffon ye are to vnderstand, that in the East Indies often times, there are not stormes as in other countreys; but euery 10. or 12. yeeres there are such tempests and stormes, that it is a thing incredible, but to those that haue seene it, neither do they know certainly what yeere they wil come. ["The voyage and trauell of M. Caesar Fredericke, Marchant of Venice, into the East India, and beyond the Indies"]
This sense of the word, in reference to titanic storms in the East Indies, first appears in Europe in Portuguese in the mid-16th century. It aparently is from tufan, a word in Arabic, Persian, and Hindi meaning "big cyclonic storm." Yule ["Hobson-Jobson," London, 1903] writes that "the probability is that Vasco [da Gama] and his followers got the tufao ... direct from the Arab pilots." The Arabic word sometimes is said to be from Greek typhon, but other sources consider it purely Semitic, though the Greek word might have influenced the form of the word in English. Al-tufan occurs several times in the Koran for "a flood or storm" and also for Noah's Flood. Chinese (Cantonese) tai fung "a great wind" also might have influenced the form or sense of the word in English, and that term and the Indian one may have had some mutual influence; toofan still means "big storm" in India.
- A violent cyclonic storm occurring in the western Pacific Ocean. See Note at cyclone.