assess

[uh-ses]
verb (used with object)
  1. to estimate officially the value of (property, income, etc.) as a basis for taxation.
  2. to fix or determine the amount of (damages, a tax, a fine, etc.): The hurricane damage was assessed at six million dollars.
  3. to impose a tax or other charge on.
  4. to estimate or judge the value, character, etc., of; evaluate: to assess one's efforts.

Origin of assess

1400–50; late Middle English assessen < Medieval Latin assessāre to assess a tax, derivative of Latin assēssus seated beside (a judge) (past participle of assidēre), equivalent to as- as- + sed- (stem of sedēre to sit1) + -tus past participle suffix
Related formsas·sess·a·ble, adjectiveo·ver·as·sess, verb (used with object)re·as·sess, verb (used with object)un·as·sess·a·ble, adjectiveun·as·sessed, adjectivewell-as·sessed, adjective
Can be confusedaccess assess excessaccessible assessable

Synonyms for assess

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for unassessed

assess

verb (tr)
  1. to judge the worth, importance, etc, of; evaluate
  2. (foll by at) to estimate the value of (income, property, etc) for taxation purposesthe estate was assessed at three thousand pounds
  3. to determine the amount of (a fine, tax, damages, etc)
  4. to impose a tax, fine, etc, on (a person or property)
Derived Formsassessable, adjective

Word Origin for assess

C15: from Old French assesser, from Latin assidēre to sit beside, from sedēre to sit
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for unassessed

assess

v.

early 15c., "to fix the amount (of a tax, fine, etc.)," from Anglo-French assesser, from Medieval Latin assessare "fix a tax upon," originally frequentative of Latin assessus "a sitting by," past participle of assidere "to sit beside" (and thus to assist in the office of a judge), from ad- "to" (see ad-) + sedere "to sit" (see sedentary). One of the judge's assistant's jobs was to fix the amount of a fine or tax. Meaning "to estimate the value of property for the purpose of taxing it" is from 1809; transferred sense of "to judge the value of a person, idea, etc." is from 1934. Related: Assessed; assessing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper