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vitriol

[ vi-tree-uhl ]
/ 藞v瑟 tri 蓹l /
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noun
Chemistry. any of certain metallic sulfates of glassy appearance, as copper sulfate or blue vitriol, iron sulfate or green vitriol, zinc sulfate or white vitriol, etc.
oil of vitriol; sulfuric acid.
something highly caustic or severe in effect, as criticism.
verb (used with object), vit路ri路oled, vit路ri路ol路ing or (especially British) vit路ri路olled, vit路ri路ol路ling.
to treat with or as with vitriol, especially sulfuric acid.
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Origin of vitriol

1350鈥1400; Middle English <Medieval Latin vitriolum, vitreolum, equivalent to Latin vitre(us)vitreous + -olum, neuter of -olus -ole1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 漏 Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use vitriol in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for vitriol

vitriol
/ (藞v瑟tr瑟藢蓲l) /

noun
another name for sulphuric acid
any one of a number of sulphate salts, such as ferrous sulphate (green vitriol), copper sulphate (blue vitriol), or zinc sulphate (white vitriol)
speech, writing, etc, displaying rancour, vituperation, or bitterness
verb -ols, -oling, -oled, -olling or -olled (tr)
to attack or injure with or as if with vitriol
to treat with vitriol

Word Origin for vitriol

C14: from Medieval Latin vitriolum, from Late Latin vitriolus glassy, from Latin vitrum glass, referring to the glossy appearance of the sulphates
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition 漏 William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 漏 HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for vitriol

vitriol
[ v沫tr膿-艒l鈥, -蓹l ]

A former name for sulfuric acid.
Any of various sulfates of metals, such as ferrous sulfate (green vitriol), zinc sulfate, or copper sulfate (blue vitriol). See also blue vitriol.
The American Heritage庐 Science Dictionary Copyright 漏 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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