[ wahynd-doun ]
/ ˈwaɪndˌdaʊn /
an act or instance of winding down, as in intensity: a gradual wind-down in hostilities.
Carried Away: 9 Words About WindA handful of words that we use to talk about wind are variations on names from classical mythology.
How To Cut Down Run-On SentencesA run-on sentence is a sentence where two or more independent clauses have been incorrectly joined together. An independent clause contains both a subject and a verb and can stand on its own as a complete sentence. Some examples of independent clauses include “Jane ate dinner,” “John went to the store,” and “Sue made a pie.” Comma Splices A comma splice is a grammatical error …
Origin of wind-down
First recorded in 1965–70; noun use of the verb phrase wind down
Definition for wind down (2 of 2)
[ wahynd ]
/ waɪnd /
verb (used without object), wound or (Rare) wind·ed [wahyn-did] /ˌwaɪn dɪd/; wind·ing.
to change direction; bend; turn; take a frequently bending course; meander: The river winds through the forest.
to have a circular or spiral course or direction.
to coil or twine about something: The ivy winds around the house.
to proceed circuitously or indirectly.
to undergo winding or winding up.
to be twisted or warped, as a board.
verb (used with object), wound or (Rare) wind·ed [wahyn-did] /ˌwaɪn dɪd/; wind·ing.
to encircle or wreathe, as with something twined, wrapped, or placed about.
to roll or coil (thread, string, etc.) into a ball, on a spool, or the like (often followed by up).
to remove or take off by unwinding (usually followed by off or from): She wound the thread off the bobbin.
to twine, fold, wrap, or place about something.
to make (a mechanism) operational by tightening the mainspring with a key (often followed by up): to wind a clock; to wind up a toy.
to haul or hoist by means of a winch, windlass, or the like (often followed by up).
to make (one's or its way) in a bending or curving course: The stream winds its way through the woods.
to make (one's or its way) by indirect, stealthy, or devious procedure: to wind one's way into another's confidence.
the act of winding.
a single turn, twist, or bend of something wound: If you give it another wind, you'll break the mainspring.
a twist producing an uneven surface.
- to lessen in intensity so as to bring or come to a gradual end: The war is winding down.
- to calm down; relax: He's too excited tonight to wind down and sleep.
- to bring to a state of great tension; excite (usually used in the past participle): He was all wound up before the game.
- to bring or come to an end; conclude: to wind up a sales campaign.
- to settle or arrange in order to conclude: to wind up one's affairs.
- to become ultimately: to wind up as a country schoolteacher.
- Baseball. (of a pitcher) to execute a windup.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for wind down (1 of 4)
/ (waɪnd) /
(tr) to lower or move down by cranking
(intr) (of a clock spring) to become slack
(intr) to diminish gradually in force or power; relax
British Dictionary definitions for wind down (2 of 4)
/ (wɪnd) /
a current of air, sometimes of considerable force, moving generally horizontally from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressureSee also Beaufort scale Related adjective: aeolian
mainly poetic the direction from which a wind blows, usually a cardinal point of the compass
air artificially moved, as by a fan, pump, etc
any sweeping and destructive force
a trend, tendency, or forcethe winds of revolution
informal a hint; suggestionwe got wind that you were coming
something deemed insubstantialhis talk was all wind
breath, as used in respiration or talkyou're just wasting wind
(often used in sports) the power to breathe normallyhis wind is weak See also second wind
- a wind instrument or wind instruments considered collectively
- (often plural) the musicians who play wind instruments in an orchestra
- (modifier) of, relating to, or composed of wind instrumentsa wind ensemble
an informal name for flatus
the air on which the scent of an animal is carried to hounds or on which the scent of a hunter is carried to his quarry
between wind and water
- the part of a vessel's hull below the water line that is exposed by rolling or by wave action
- any point particularly susceptible to attack or injury
break wind to release intestinal gas through the anus
get the wind up or have the wind up informal to become frightened
have in the wind to be in the act of following (quarry) by scent
how the wind blows, how the wind lies, which way the wind blows or which way the wind lies what appears probable
in the wind about to happen
three sheets in the wind informal intoxicated; drunk
in the teeth of the wind or in the eye of the wind directly into the wind
into the wind against the wind or upwind
off the wind nautical away from the direction from which the wind is blowing
on the wind nautical as near as possible to the direction from which the wind is blowing
put the wind up informal to frighten or alarm
raise the wind British informal to obtain the necessary funds
sail close to the wind or sail near to the wind
- to come near the limits of danger or indecency
- to live frugally or manage one's affairs economically
take the wind out of someone's sails to destroy someone's advantage; disconcert or deflate
to cause (someone) to be short of breaththe blow winded him
- to detect the scent of
- to pursue (quarry) by following its scent
to cause (a baby) to bring up wind after feeding by patting or rubbing on the back
to expose to air, as in drying, ventilating, etc
Derived Formswindless, adjectivewindlessly, adverbwindlessness, noun
Word Origin for wind
Old English wind; related to Old High German wint, Old Norse vindr, Gothic winds, Latin ventus
British Dictionary definitions for wind down (3 of 4)
/ (waɪnd) /
verb winds, winding or wound
(often foll by around, about, or upon) to turn or coil (string, cotton, etc) around some object or point or (of string, etc) to be turned etc, around some object or pointhe wound a scarf around his head
(tr) to twine, cover, or wreathe by or as if by coiling, wrapping, etc; encirclewe wound the body in a shroud
(tr often foll by up) to tighten the spring of (a clockwork mechanism)
(tr foll by off) to remove by uncoiling or unwinding
(usually intr) to move or cause to move in a sinuous, spiral, or circular coursethe river winds through the hills
(tr) to introduce indirectly or deviouslyhe is winding his own opinions into the report
(tr) to cause to twist or revolvehe wound the handle
(tr; usually foll by up or down) to move by crankingplease wind up the window
(tr) to haul, lift, or hoist (a weight, etc) by means of a wind or windlass
(intr) (of a board, etc) to be warped or twisted
(intr) archaic to proceed deviously or indirectly
the act of winding or state of being wound
a single turn, bend, etca wind in the river
Also called: winding a twist in a board or plank
Derived Formswindable, adjective
Word Origin for wind
Old English windan; related to Old Norse vinda, Old High German wintan (German winden)
British Dictionary definitions for wind down (4 of 4)
/ (waɪnd) /
verb winds, winding, winded or wound
(tr) poetic to blow (a note or signal) on (a horn, bugle, etc)
Word Origin for wind
C16: special use of wind 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Science definitions for wind down
[ wĭnd ]
A current of air, especially a natural one that moves along or parallel to the ground, moving from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure. Surface wind is measured by anemometers or its effect on objects, such as trees. The large-scale pattern of winds on Earth is governed primarily by differences in the net solar radiation received at the Earth's surface, but it is also influenced by the Earth's rotation, by the distribution of continents and oceans, by ocean currents, and by topography. On a local scale, the differences in rate of heating and cooling of land versus bodies of water greatly affect wind formation. Prevailing global winds are classified into three major belts in the Northern Hemisphere and three corresponding belts in the Southern Hemisphere. The trade winds blow generally east to west toward a low-pressure zone at the equator throughout the region from 30° north to 30° south of the equator. The westerlies blow from west to east in the temperate mid-latitude regions (from 30° to 60° north and south of the equator), and the polar easterlies blow from east to west out of high-pressure areas in the polar regions. See also Beaufort scale chinook foehn monsoon Santa Ana.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Idioms and Phrases with wind down (1 of 2)
Diminish gradually, draw to a close, as in By midnight the party had wound down. [Mid-1900s] Also see wind up.
Idioms and Phrases with wind down (2 of 2)
In addition to the idioms beginning with wind
- wind down
- wind up
- before the wind
- break wind
- get wind of
- gone with the wind
- ill wind
- in the wind
- like greased lightning (the wind)
- sail close to the wind
- second wind
- something in the wind
- straw in the wind
- take the wind out of one's sails
- three sheets to the wind
- throw caution to the winds
- twist in the wind
- way the wind blows
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.