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x-ray diffraction

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noun Physics.

diffraction of x-rays by the regularly spaced atoms of a crystal, useful for determining the arrangement of the atoms.

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Nearby words

x-ray astronomy, x-ray binary, x-ray binary star, x-ray burster, x-ray crystallography, x-ray diffraction, x-ray microscope, x-ray photograph, x-ray spectrometer, x-ray spectrometry, x-ray star

Origin of x-ray diffraction

First recorded in 1940–45
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for x-ray diffraction

  • X-ray-diffraction studies showed no material differences, nor were there detectable differences in “feel”, smell, or plasticity.

    Atoms, Nature, and Man|Neal O. Hines

British Dictionary definitions for x-ray diffraction

X-ray diffraction


noun

the scattering of X-rays on contact with matter, resulting in changes in radiation intensity, which is used for studying atomic structure
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Science definitions for x-ray diffraction

x-ray diffraction


The scattering of x-rays by crystal atoms, producing a diffraction pattern that yields information about the structure of the crystal. X-ray diffraction is used in x-ray crystallography.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.