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historical usage of xenophobia
More recently, the term xenophobia has been used by science-fiction writers to refer to fear or hatred of intelligent lifeforms from outer space. The term alien itself originally referred to foreigners, and only took on the extended meaning of extraterrestrial beings in the 1920s.
A related term that often comes up in the context of xenophobia is otherness : “the quality or state of being perceived or treated as different, foreign, strange, etc.” Otherness has existed in English since the 1500s, though its early uses were often in the context of a spiritual transcendence beyond the human experience. By the 1800s, otherness was used in reference to cultural foreignness.
While the etymology of xenophobia explicitly links it to the psychological response of fear, otherness can be thought of in terms of sociological identity, defining what is normative by naming what is not.
OTHER WORDS FROM xenophobiaxen·o·pho·bic, adjective
Words nearby xenophobia
Example sentences from the Web for xenophobia
What makes the show truly compelling is its subtle commentary on race and xenophobia.‘Lupin’ is a thrilling heist series, but it goes deeper than that|Bethonie Butler|January 21, 2021|Washington Post
Local police departments may be even less willing to sift through their social media mentions for possible proof of harassment, xenophobia, or other crimes.How to save important photos and video from the web|John Kennedy|January 19, 2021|Popular Science
In the process they inadvertently reveal their inner selves and cleavages—racism, xenophobia, and class conflict—which remain all too familiar today.The best books of 2020, according to Fortune staff|Rachel King|December 6, 2020|Fortune
Artistic creators may not give accents to the antagonists of any given story to subconsciously promote xenophobia and implant it in the minds of our children.Is It the Way I Talk? Hiring discrimination based on an accent is illegal.|Truthbetold|January 25, 2020|TruthBeTold.news
These groups are generally united in their thuggery and xenophobia.
Since then, a bitter xenophobia has emerged in Odessa just as it has in cities across eastern Ukraine.
We will give up and stop any manifestations of chauvinism and xenophobia.Can Ukraine Control Its Far Right Ultranationalists?|Oleg Shynkarenko|March 1, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Pakistan needs a change of direction away from the xenophobia and paranoia fed by its controlling army.Pakistan’s Change of Guard and General Ashfaq Kayani’s Legacy|Husain Haqqani|December 2, 2013|DAILY BEAST
Violent xenophobia and bigotry are just part of the conversation.Why Are Israelis Tone Deaf to Incitement Against Palestinians?|Emily L. Hauser|October 25, 2013|DAILY BEAST
What in the West they esteem as national sentiment, in the East they consider xenophobia.'The New World of Islam|Lothrop Stoddard
This intuition, it seems, is based less on statistics than on plain old xenophobia.After the Rain|Sam Vaknin
This xenophobia is a remarkably constant feature of eighteenth-century satire on "taste."The Man of Taste|James Bramston
British Dictionary definitions for xenophobia
Derived forms of xenophobiaxenophobic, adjective
Medical definitions for xenophobia
Cultural definitions for xenophobia
An unreasonable fear, distrust, or hatred of strangers, foreigners, or anything perceived as foreign or different.