[ zeer-of-thal-mee-uh, -op- ]
/ ˌzɪər ɒfˈθæl mi ə, -ɒp- /

noun Ophthalmology.

abnormal dryness of the eyeball characterized by conjunctivitis, caused by a deficiency of tears and attributed to a lack of vitamin A.

Origin of xerophthalmia

1650–60; xer- + ophthalmia

OTHER WORDS FROM xerophthalmia

xe·roph·thal·mic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for xerophthalmia

  • The development of deficiency diseases (scurvy, rickets, xerophthalmia, rickets and malnutrition).

    Dietetics for Nurses|Fairfax T. Proudfit

British Dictionary definitions for xerophthalmia

/ (ˌzɪərɒfˈθælmɪə) /


pathol excessive dryness of the cornea and conjunctiva, caused by a deficiency of vitamin AAlso called: xeroma (zɪˈrəʊmə)

Derived forms of xerophthalmia

xerophthalmic, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for xerophthalmia

[ zîr′ŏf-thălmē-ə ]


Extreme dryness of the conjunctiva resulting from disease localized in the eye or from a systemic deficiency of vitamin A.xeroma
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.