yellowhammer

[ yel-oh-ham-er ]
/ ˈyɛl oʊˌhæm ər /

noun

a common European bunting, Emberiza citrinella, the male of which is marked with bright yellow.
Chiefly Southern U.S. a flicker, Colaptes auratus, having yellow wing and tail linings.

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Origin of yellowhammer

1550–60; earlier also yelamber, yelambre, probably continuing Old English *geolu-amore, equivalent to geolu yellow + amore presumably, the bunting (cognate with Old Saxon amer, Old High German amaro; see emberizine); forms with -h- perhaps reflect blending with another etymon, later conformed to hammer (compare dial. yellowham)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

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British Dictionary definitions for yellowhammer

yellowhammer
/ (ˈjɛləʊˌhæmə) /

noun

a European bunting, Emberiza citrinella, having a yellowish head and body and brown streaked wings and tail
US and Canadian the yellow-shafted flicker, an American woodpeckerSee flicker 2

Word Origin for yellowhammer

C16: of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012