What Do “A.M.” And “P.M.” Stand For?

alarm clock, blue filter

WATCH: What Are "a.m." And "p.m." Short For?

What does a.m. mean?

The term we associate with the morning, a.m., is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase ante merīdiem meaning “before midday.”

What does p.m. mean?

P.m. is an abbreviation of post merīdiem, meaning—you guessed it—“after midday.”

These two terms help keep ambiguity at bay in the 12-hour time system.

What does m. mean?

There is a third, lesser-known abbreviation in this system: m. From the Latin merīdiēs (“midday”), it means “noon.” However, m. is rarely used and might confuse readers or listeners should you casually drop it into conversation or insert it into your writing; noon is conventionally expressed as 12 p.m. or 12:00 p.m. and midnight as 12 a.m. or 12:00 a.m.

Keep Learning New Words Every Day!

Get the Word of The Day delivered straight to your inbox!
  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Do you capitalize a.m. and p.m.?

In formal writing, it is best to lowercase both a.m. and p.m. and retain the periods (as opposed to writing them AM/PM or am/pm); however, should you choose to use a different format, the most important rule is to be consistent throughout your piece.

Note that when a.m. or p.m. end a sentence, as in The train is arriving at 10 p.m., it is not necessary to place an additional period at the end. And, for our final writing tip, since these abbreviations specify an hour’s relation to noon, it is not necessary to use morning, evening, night, or o’clock with them.

Previous What Does "Resilience" Mean, And Why Was It Trending? Next Comparatives vs. Superlatives