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[ kap-oo-air-uh ] [ ˌkæp uˈɛər ə ] Show IPA Phonetic Respelling


a dance form incorporating martial arts elements, originating in what is now Brazil as a system of physical discipline and movement.

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What is the origin of capoeira?

Capoeira “a Brazilian dance form incorporating martial arts elements” is a loanword from Brazilian Portuguese that is of uncertain origin. One hypothesis is that capoeira is one and the same as capoeira “cultivated area that has reverted to forest,” with the change in definition because of the dance form’s origins in gatherings among people living in rural areas. If true, this would make capoeira a derivative of the words kaá “forest, scrub” and puera “that once was” in Tupi, a language once spoken in what is now northern Brazil. Alternatively, instead of a connection to Tupi, capoeira may come from kapwila “a blow, beating” in Mbundu, a Bantu language of southern Angola. Capoeira was first recorded in English in the late 1920s.

how is capoeira used?

Over the past three decades, [Manoel Pereira Costa] has run neighborhood workshops that give kids a chance to immerse themselves in a tradition with roots in the dance, fighting and percussion practices of Africans brought to Brazil as slaves. In a favela with a history of violence between police and drug gangs, or armed battles between traffickers themselves, capoeira is an outlet that gives kids a sense of community—its practice a collective exercise blending characteristics of drum circles, sparring and tag-team gymnastics.

Bruno Kelly, “Teaching community through capoeira in a hardscrabble Rio slum,” Reuters, July 29, 2016

Having balance in a particular sport is a highly skilled activity, relying on hours and hours of practice. But there is no doubt that balance is also mediated through the brain. With his work on capoeira, a Brazilian martial art, [Greg Downey, who co-founded the blog neuroanthropology.net] found that instructors taught in ways that matched well with work on neuroplasticity in the brain, for example, through the reorientation of perception as well as imitative learning and mirror neurons.

Daniel Lende, as quoted in “Getting Hooked on Sin,” Scientific American, November 6, 2008
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ubi sunt

[ oo-bee soont ] [ ˈu bi ˈsʊnt ] Show IPA Phonetic Respelling


a poetic motif emphasizing the transitory nature of youth, life, and beauty, found especially in Medieval Latin poems.

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What is the origin of ubi sunt?

Ubi sunt “a poetic motif emphasizing the transitory nature of life” is a borrowing from the Medieval Latin phrase ubi sunt (quī ante nōs fuērunt) “where are (those who were before us).” The modern Romance equivalents of Latin ubi sunt “where are” include French où sont and Italian dove sono, with and dove descended from ubi “where” and sont and sono derived from sunt “(they) are.” The translations of Latin ubi sunt in Portuguese and Spanish are onde estão and dónde están; the differences here are because onde and dónde descend instead from Latin unde “from where” while both Portuguese and Spanish use estar (from Latin stāre “to stand”) to mean “to be” when indicating location or state. Ubi sunt was first recorded in English in the early 1910s.

how is ubi sunt used?

But what really got under my skin was the sweet melancholy that pervades every moment. The game is an elegiac ubi sunt to a world that is already disappearing under the feet of the characters, and which for us is long gone. Set in 1899, a recurring theme is the vanishing of the Old West, and with it the way of life …. Modernity and “civilisation” are taking over all the wild spaces.

Patrick Stokes, “Art for trying times: how a philosopher found solace playing Red Dead Redemption 2," Conversation, July 21, 2020

It would be absurd to depict [Rae] Armantrout without depicting her pessimism, even cynicism, but it would be seriously misleading to say that she gives up on expression, or novelty, or sympathy, or even lyric. Her poem ‘Make It New’ refreshes the Poundian slogan, first rephrasing carpe diem and ubi sunt as car dealers’ slogans: ‘Each poem says,/“I’m desperate” then, “Everything/must go!”

Stephanie Burt, “Where Things Get Fuzzy,” London Review of Books, Vol. 39, March 30, 2017
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[ joo-buh-luhnt ] [ ˈdʒu bə lənt ] Show IPA Phonetic Respelling


showing great joy, satisfaction, or triumph; rejoicing; exultant.

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What is the origin of jubilant?

Jubilant “showing great joy” comes from the Latin verb jūbilāre “to shout for joy, whoop.” Though the origin of jūbilāre is uncertain, the most popular hypothesis is that the word is based on an ancient Indo-European exclamation of joy resembling “yu” (compare Ancient Greek iūgḗ “howling”), perhaps on the pattern of sībilāre “to hiss,” as in sibilant, which describes consonants such as s and z. Despite the similar spelling, jubilant is not related to the noun jubilee “the celebration of an anniversary”; instead, jubilee, from Latin jūbilaeus, was adapted from Ancient Greek iōbēlaîos, with the vowel changes because of the influence of jūbilāre. While jubilant appears to be of Indo-European origin, jubilee ultimately derives from Hebrew yōbhēl “ram, ram’s horn, trumpet.” Jubilant was first recorded in English in the 1660s.

how is jubilant used?

“I don’t care if it is raining. My mother said I could stay until 10 o’clock.” That’s what a jubilant child at one of Milwaukee’s first Juneteenth celebrations told a Milwaukee Journal reporter in 1972. It was just a glimpse into the early days of a longstanding annual event celebrating Black culture and ringing in the summer season, with performances, food and a variety of vendors.

Asha Prihar, “Milwaukee was one of the first northern U.S. cities to have a Juneteenth celebration, here's how it has grown,” USA Today, June 19, 2020

Some people told me they attended Juneteenth celebrations every year. Others told me that they look forward to seeing joyous photos and jubilant videos from Juneteenth celebrations throughout the United States, even if they did not attend them in person. Many reported that social media has made the day and its celebrations more visible.

Dolly Chugh, “What's Juneteenth? A Guide To Celebrating America's Second Independence Day,” Forbes, June 19, 2018
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