• Word of the day
    Previous Week Next Week
    Saturday, December 08, 2018

    trimming

    noun [trim-ing]
    anything used or serving to decorate or complete: the trimmings of a Christmas tree.
    Look it up

    Get to know dictionary.com

    Sign up for our Newsletter!
    Start your day with new words, fun quizzes, and language stories.
    • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

    What is the origin of trimming?

    It is quite a jump to go from Byrhtnoth, Ealdorman of Essex, arranging his men in battle order (trymian) against the Vikings (recorded in the magnificent Old English poem The Battle of Maldon) to cranberry sauce and creamed onions with the Thanksgiving turkey. The Old English adjective trum “strong, firm” is the source of the verb trymian, trymman “to encourage, strengthen, prepare.” The Old English noun trymming, derived from the verb, means “strengthening, confirmation, edification, establishment.” The modern spelling trimming first appears in the first half of the 16th century with several meanings. One is “the repair or preparation of equipment, especially fitting out of a ship,” e.g., “trimming of the sails.” A second sense, all but contemporaneous with the first, is “adornment, dressing one’s hair or beard, dressing up.” A third sense of trimming, perhaps associated with the notion of dressing (up), is “a rebuke, a beating,” that is, “a dressing down.” In the early 17th century, trimming, especially in the plural, and typically in the phrase "all the trimmings," meant “ordinary accessories (as for a house or cooked meat).” In the early 19th century, trimming acquired the meaning “pieces cut off, cuttings, scraps.”

    How is trimming used?

    It was after eleven when William in his socks made his way to the attic where the trimmings for the tree were stored. Mary Roberts Rinehart, "The Butler's Christmas Eve," Alibi for Isabel, 1944

    Painting china, carving wood, button-holing butterflies and daisies onto Turkish towelling, and making peacock-feather trimming, amused her for a time ... Louisa May Alcott, "What Becomes of the Pins," Aunt Jo's Scrap Bag, Volume 5: Jimmy's Cruise in the Pinafore, Etc., 1879

    Get to know dictionary.com

    Sign up for our Newsletter!
    Start your day with new words, fun quizzes, and language stories.
    • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.
    Previous Day Load More
  • Word of the day
    Previous Week Next Week
    Friday, December 07, 2018

    scrooch

    verb [skrooch]
    Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. to crouch, squeeze, or huddle (usually followed by down, in, or up).
    Look it up

    What is the origin of scrooch?

    Scrooch “to crouch, squeeze, huddle” was originally a U.S. colloquial and dialect word. It is probably a variant of scrouge “to squeeze, crowd,” itself a blend of the obsolete verb scruze “to squeeze” and gouge. To make things even more unclear, scruze itself is a blend of screw and bruise. Scrooch entered English in the 19th century.

    How is scrooch used?

    When you want to get up again, you sort of scrooch forward and the chair comes up straight so you don't have to dislocate your sciatica trying to get out of the pesky thing. Charlotte MacLeod, Something the Cat Dragged In, 1984

    Myr Korso, please tell him to scrooch down if he has to be there. James Tiptree, Jr., Brightness Falls from the Air, 1985

    Previous Day Load More
  • Word of the day
    Previous Week Next Week
    Thursday, December 06, 2018

    athenaeum

    noun [ath-uh-nee-uhm, -ney-]
    a library or reading room.
    Look it up

    What is the origin of athenaeum?

    Athenaeum ultimately derives from Greek Athḗnaion, the name of the temple of Athena in ancient Athens where poets read their works. It entered English in the 1720s.

    How is athenaeum used?

    The back of his state-issued S.U.V. is stacked with notebooks filled with ideas and data culled from books and articles and conversations with nearly four hundred experts; it’s a kind of rolling athenaeum. Tad Friend, "Gavin Newsom, the Next Head of the California Resistance," The New Yorker, November 5, 2018

    At the top of the main staircase, with patterned risers and leather-covered treads, a bedroom was turned into the Athenaeum, or classical library. Julie Lasky, "A Victorian Wonderland in Park Slope," New York Times, March 16, 2018

    Previous Day Load More
  • Word of the day
    Previous Week Next Week
    Wednesday, December 05, 2018

    postiche

    noun [paw-steesh, po-]
    a false hairpiece.
    Look it up

    What is the origin of postiche?

    Postiche, like many cultural terms derived from the Romance languages, has a complicated etymology, what with the borrowing and lending of forms and meanings between Latin, Late Latin, Medieval Latin, Italian, French, Spanish, and Portuguese. The English word postiche, from French postiche, has two original meanings: as an adjective, it is a term used in architecture and sculpture and means “added on, especially inappropriately; artificial, counterfeit”; as a noun, it means “a hairpiece made of false hair.” The French word may come from Spanish postizo “artificial, substitute,” or from Italian posticcio with the same meanings. The Spanish and Italian forms most likely derive from Late Latin apposticius “placed beside or on” (and equivalent to Latin appositus “adjacent, near at hand, suitable”).

    How is postiche used?

    ... the Goulet postiche is guaranteed to blend imperceptibly with the wearer's own hair, for I refuse to settle for anything less than a perfect match. Catherine Chidgey, The Transformation, 2003

    ... when the hair had been thoroughly dyed it could only recover its natural colour by this slow process, but that usually the effect was concealed by a postiche ... Laurence Oliphant, Piccadilly, 1870

    Previous Day Load More
  • Word of the day
    Previous Week Next Week
    Tuesday, December 04, 2018

    brusquerie

    noun [broos-kuh-ree]
    abruptness and bluntness in manner; brusqueness.
    Look it up

    What is the origin of brusquerie?

    Brusquerie, which still feels like a French word, is a derivative of the adjective brusque. The French adjective comes from Italian brusco “rough, tart,” a special use of the noun brusco “butcher's broom” (the name of a shrub). Brusco may come from Latin bruscum “a knot or growth on a maple tree”; or brusco may be a conflation of Latin ruscus, ruscum “butcher’s broom” and Vulgar Latin brūcus “heather.” Brusquerie entered English in the mid-18th century.

    How is brusquerie used?

    ... I could see that she was doing her best to irritate me with the brusquerie of her answers. Fyodor Dostoyevsky, The Gambler (1866), translated by C. J. Hogarth, 1917

    I hope you have not been so foolish as to take offence at any little brusquerie of mine ... Edgar Allan Poe, "The Gold-Bug," Philadelphia Dollar Magazine, 1843

    Previous Day Load More
  • Word of the day
    Previous Week Next Week
    Monday, December 03, 2018

    beanfeast

    noun [been-feest]
    Chiefly British Slang. (formerly) an annual dinner or party given by an employer for employees.
    Look it up

    What is the origin of beanfeast?

    Beanfeast is a perfectly ordinary compound of the humble bean and feast. A beanfeast was originally an annual dinner given by employers for their employees, but the word acquired the sense “festive occasion” by the end of the 19th century. Beanfeast entered English in the early 19th century.

    How is beanfeast used?

    In August the annual outing, or, as it was called, the bean-feast, at the works took place. G. A. Henty, Sturdy and Strong, 1888

    Why do we come? ... Simply from the primordial love of a bean-feast! W. W. Blair-Fish, "Because We Are Conventional," The Rotarian, June 1930

    Previous Day Load More
  • Word of the day
    Previous Week Next Week
    Sunday, December 02, 2018

    candelabrum

    noun [kan-dl-ah-bruhm, -ab-ruhm]
    an ornamental branched holder for more than one candle.
    Look it up

    What is the origin of candelabrum?

    Candelabrum comes straight from Latin candēlābrum, formed from the noun candēla “a candle, taper” (from the verb candēre “to shine, gleam”) and -brum, a variant of -bulum, a suffix for forming neuter nouns for tools or places. English candle (Old English candel, condel) had already been in Old English long enough to become part of its poetic vocabulary, e.g., Glād ofer grundas / Godes condel beorht “God’s bright candle glided over the grounds” in the magnificent poem “The Battle of Brunanburh” recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (c. 955). Candelabrum entered English in the 19th century.

    How is candelabrum used?

    The menorah is an eight-branched candelabrum that is symbolic of the celebration of Hanukkah. José Antonio Burciaga, "An Anglo, Jewish, Mexican Christmas," Weedee Peepo, 1988

    ... I bade Pedro to close the heavy shutters of the room ... to light the tongues of a tall candelabrum which stood by the head of my bed--and to throw open far and wide the fringed curtains of black velvet which enveloped the bed itself. Edgar Allan Poe, "The Oval Portrait," Graham's Magazine, April 1842

    Previous Day Load More
Sign up for our Newsletter!
Start your day with new words, fun quizzes, and language stories.
  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.