Word of the Day

Monday, November 12, 2018

valorous

[ val-er-uhs ]

adjective

having valor; courageous; valiant; brave.

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What is the origin of valorous?

Valorous comes from Late Latin valor “worth, honor,” a derivative of valēre “to be powerful.” The Latin noun comes from the Proto-Indo-European root wal-, which also appears in Tocharian B walo “king” (Tocharian A and B were spoken in the Tarim Basin, now part of Xinjiang Uygur, China, and died out about 1100 a.d.). The extended form wald- “strong, be strong” underlies English wield and the proper name Oswald (from os “god” and weald “power”). In Slavic wald- appears in the Polish personal name Włodzimierz, Old Russian Volodimĕr “(having) great power, famous.” Modern Russian Vladimir is based on Old Church Slavonic Vladiměrŭ. Valorous entered English in the 15th century.

how is valorous used?

He praised his soldiers for their valorous devotion …

Stephen Harrigan, The Gates of the Alamo, 2000

Because I am valorous, chivalrous, generous, and handsome as the day is long!

Susanna Clarke, Jonathan Strange and Mr Norrell, 2004
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Sunday, November 11, 2018

armistice

[ ahr-muh-stis ]

noun

a temporary suspension of hostilities by agreement of the warring parties; truce: World War I ended with the armistice of 1918.

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What is the origin of armistice?

Armistice comes via French from Latin armistitium, from Latin arma “tools, weapons, arms” and the element -stitium “a stop, stopping,” which appears also in solstice (from Latin solstitium “stopping of the sun”). Armistice first appears in the 17th century.

how is armistice used?

On November 6, Berlin dispatched envoys to carry an armistice proposal to Supreme Allied Commander Marshal Ferdinand Foch.

David M. Kennedy, Over Here: The First World War and American Society, 1980

The armistice is coming soon, I believe it now too. Then we will go home.

Erich Maria Remarque, All Quiet on the Western Front, translated by A. W. Wheen, 1929
Saturday, November 10, 2018

solmization

[ sol-muh-zey-shuhn, sohl- ]

noun

Music. the act, process, or system of using certain syllables, especially the sol-fa syllables, to represent the tones of the scale.

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What is the origin of solmization?

Solmization comes from French solmization, a derivative of solmiser “to (sing) sol-fa.” The system of solmization is attributed to Guido of Arezzo (c995-1049), a Benedictine monk from Arezzo, Tuscany, who also invented the staff notation used in Western music. Solmization entered English in the 18th century.

how is solmization used?

The pupil seems to gain the knowledge of intervals with the power of making them. But surely it would facilitate the labour were the knowledge of distances first instilled by means of solmization.

, "On Reading Music," The Quarterly Musical Magazine and Review, Vol. IX, 1827

Guido has been properly called the father of modern music, and the title is richly deserved for in addition to the so-called Guido scale, or hexachord, or solmization–or whatever you call his do-re-mi, plan or fancy–he also invented the staff lines and intervals in music, and many other methods of teaching music in use to this very day.

, "Monk Started Guido Scale 900 Years Ago in Italy," The Reading Eagle, November 14, 1965

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