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[uh-fahy-uh nst] /əˈfaɪ ənst/
betrothed; engaged.
Origin of affianced
First recorded in 1570-80; affiance + -ed2


[uh-fahy-uh ns] /əˈfaɪ əns/
verb (used with object), affianced, affiancing.
to pledge by promise of marriage; betroth.
noun, Archaic.
a pledging of faith, as a marriage contract.
trust; confidence; reliance.
1300-50; Middle English < Middle French afiance, equivalent to afi(er) to pledge faith, declare on oath, betroth (< Medieval Latin affīdāre, equivalent to ad- ad- + *fīdāre, for Latin fīdere to trust; see confide) + -ance -ance Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for affianced
Historical Examples
  • Will it please you to remember that M. d'Ombreval is my affianced husband?

    The Trampling of the Lilies Rafael Sabatini
  • Let me explain, then, that we have been affianced from our childhood.

    Down the Rhine Oliver Optic
  • "The right of your affianced bride," my other half explained, with a grim smile to myself.

    Paul Kelver Jerome Klapka, AKA Jerome K. Jerome
  • And Julia did speak, and became the affianced wife of Mr. Hedge.

    City Crimes Greenhorn
  • "Yes, she has stood the ordeal very well so far," remarked Dr. Harold, giving his affianced a very lover-like glance and smile.

    Elsie and Her Namesakes Martha Finley
  • Anak was in the crowd with her father, the old chief, and her affianced, Noa.

    Tales of the Malayan Coast Rounsevelle Wildman
  • Juliet and I had been affianced beside my father's deathbed—Torella was to be a second parent to me.

  • We were both happy, and my sister was affianced to a man she adored.

    An Eagle Flight Jos Rizal
  • How he would despise her and forbid his affianced wife to be outraged by her presence if he knew!

    A Crooked Path Mrs. Alexander
  • She did not seem at all like a girl in love and parted from her affianced husband.

    War and Peace Leo Tolstoy
British Dictionary definitions for affianced


(transitive) to bind (a person or oneself) in a promise of marriage; betroth
(archaic) a solemn pledge, esp a marriage contract
Word Origin
C14: via Old French from Medieval Latin affīdāre to trust (oneself) to, from fīdāre to trust, from fīdus faithful
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for affianced



1520s, "to promise," from Old French afiancier "to pledge, promise, give one's word," from afiance (n.) "confidence, trust," from afier "to trust," from Late Latin affidare, from ad- "to" (see ad-) + fidare "to trust," from fidus (see affidavit). From mid-16c. especially "to promise in marriage." Related: Affianced; affiancing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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