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[uh-fahy-uh nst] /əˈfaɪ ənst/
betrothed; engaged.
Origin of affianced
First recorded in 1570-80; affiance + -ed2


[uh-fahy-uh ns] /əˈfaɪ əns/
verb (used with object), affianced, affiancing.
to pledge by promise of marriage; betroth.
noun, Archaic.
a pledging of faith, as a marriage contract.
trust; confidence; reliance.
1300-50; Middle English < Middle French afiance, equivalent to afi(er) to pledge faith, declare on oath, betroth (< Medieval Latin affīdāre, equivalent to ad- ad- + *fīdāre, for Latin fīdere to trust; see confide) + -ance -ance Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for affianced
Historical Examples
  • It is his right to know the truth, and—what can Ned say while I'm affianced?

    The Bacillus of Beauty Harriet Stark
  • It is strange,—the repugnance with which she regarded the suit of her affianced!

    Alice, or The Mysteries, Complete Edward Bulwer-Lytton
  • Will it please you to remember that M. d'Ombreval is my affianced husband?

    The Trampling of the Lilies Rafael Sabatini
  • She is the only daughter of my comrade and she is my affianced bride.

    Giants on the Earth Sterner St. Paul Meek
  • Long time ago they were affianced, but she has been down in the wilderness.

    The Wedding Ring T. De Witt Talmage
  • He prayed Heaven to bless her, and so the affianced lovers parted for the night.

    White Lies Charles Reade
  • Let me explain, then, that we have been affianced from our childhood.

    Down the Rhine Oliver Optic
  • And Julia did speak, and became the affianced wife of Mr. Hedge.

    City Crimes Greenhorn
  • Anak was in the crowd with her father, the old chief, and her affianced, Noa.

    Tales of the Malayan Coast Rounsevelle Wildman
  • We were both happy, and my sister was affianced to a man she adored.

    An Eagle Flight Jos Rizal
British Dictionary definitions for affianced


(transitive) to bind (a person or oneself) in a promise of marriage; betroth
(archaic) a solemn pledge, esp a marriage contract
Word Origin
C14: via Old French from Medieval Latin affīdāre to trust (oneself) to, from fīdāre to trust, from fīdus faithful
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for affianced



1520s, "to promise," from Old French afiancier "to pledge, promise, give one's word," from afiance (n.) "confidence, trust," from afier "to trust," from Late Latin affidare, from ad- "to" (see ad-) + fidare "to trust," from fidus (see affidavit). From mid-16c. especially "to promise in marriage." Related: Affianced; affiancing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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