- Biochemistry. a steroid hormone of the adrenal cortex, C21H28O5, active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism.
- Pharmacology. a commercial form of this compound, obtained by extraction from the adrenal glands of certain domesticated animals or produced synthetically, used chiefly in the treatment of arthritis, rheumatic fever, certain allergies, and other systemic conditions.
Origin of cortisone
Examples from the Web for cortisone
A doctor comes to his house and gives him shots of cortisone to calm the arthritic pain in his knees.Alfred Hitchcock’s Fade to Black: The Great Director’s Final Days
December 13, 2014
Before that final game, the Birds suggested that Palmer take a cortisone shot in his shoulder, which, that week, had become sore.Will the Real Jim Palmer Please Stand Up
September 27, 2014
With Dan and the other crewmembers back, did you feel the show got the cortisone shot it needed to run smoothly again?Alison Brie on ‘Community’s’ New Beginning, Dan Harmon’s Return, Nicolas Cage, and More
January 3, 2014
“Lance responded that he had taken EPO, testosterone, growth hormone, cortisone, and steroids,” she says.Why Victoria Gotti Is Rooting for Banned Cyclist Lance Armstrong
October 23, 2012
This group includes familiar medicines like hydrocortisone, cortisone, prednisone, and Decadron.Where Were the Doctors to Testify at Roger Clemens’s Perjury Trial?
June 20, 2012
Anything else I said would be hearsay, and I understand that he did receive some cortisone.Warren Commission (6 of 26): Hearings Vol. VI (of 15)
The President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy
- a glucocorticoid hormone, the synthetic form of which has been used in treating rheumatoid arthritis, allergic and skin diseases, leukaemia, etc; 17-hydroxy-11-dehydrocorticosterone. Formula: C 21 H 28 O 5
Word Origin and History for cortisone
1949, coined by its discoverer, Dr. Edward C. Kendall, shortening of chemical name, 17-hydroxy-11 dehydrocorticosterone, ultimately from Latin corticis (genitive of cortex; see cortex). So called because it was obtained from the "cortex" of adrenal glands; originally called Compound E (1936).
- A naturally occurring corticosteroid that functions primarily in carbohydrate metabolism and is used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, adrenal insufficiency, certain allergies, and gout.
- A steroid hormone that is easily formed from or converted to cortisol in the blood and is also produced synthetically for use as a pharmaceutical. The effects of cortisone on body tissues are similar to those of naturally or synthetically produced cortisol.