- a verb form found in many languages that functions as a noun or is used with auxiliary verbs, and that names the action or state without specifying the subject, as French venir “to come,” Latin esse “to be,” fuisse “to have been.”
- (in English) the simple or basic form of the verb, as come, take, eat, be, used after auxiliary verbs, as in I didn't come, He must be, or this simple form preceded by a function word, as to in I want to eat.
- consisting of or containing an infinitive: an infinitive construction. Abbreviation: infin.
Origin of infinitive
Examples from the Web for infinitive
The infinitive is often used in poetry after a verb of motion where we should use the present participle.Beowulf
The infinitive mood is like a gentlemans cab, because it has no number.The Comic Latin Grammar
The past tense, third person plural, of the infinitive Fitnah.A Critical Exposition of the Popular 'Jihd'
Moulavi Gergh Ali
From jamar, the infinitive of "to eat," the regular conjugation should be jame, "I have eaten."Carmen
The Infinitive Mood has the Signs to, about; as to love, about to love.A Short System of English Grammar
- a form of the verb not inflected for grammatical categories such as tense and person and used without an overt subject. In English, the infinitive usually consists of the word to followed by the verb
Word Origin and History for infinitive
"simple, uninflected form of a verb," 1510s (mid-15c. as an adjective), from Late Latin infinitivus "unlimited, indefinite," from Latin infinitus (see infinite). "Indefinite" because not having definite person or number.
The simple or dictionary form of a verb: walk, think, fly, exist. Often the word to marks a verb as an infinitive: “to walk,” “to think,” “to fly,” “to exist.”