VIDEO FOR VERB
How Did These Regular Verbs Turn Irregular?
What's the difference between regular and irregular verbs? And why do regular verbs sometimes become "irregular" over time?
Origin of verb
grammar notes for verb
Understandably, this multitalented part of speech can be analyzed and categorized in any of several ways. For example, this dictionary distinguishes between a transitive verb, labeled “(used with object),” as in The country fought two wars at the same time, and an intransitive verb, labeled “(used without object),” as in He fought in both of them. As we can see with fight, some verbs can be either transitive or intransitive.
Another analysis is offered by the grammarians Quirk, Greenbaum, Leech, and Svartvik in their renowned A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. They divide verbs into three categories: (1) modal auxiliary verbs, a short list comprising can, may, will, shall, could, might, would, should, and must, all of which are “helping” verbs, as in Congress will vote tomorrow, and (2) primary verbs, the smallest group— be, do, and have —all three of which can be either auxiliaries ( I am leaving for school now; I did finish my homework; I have studied enough ) or main verbs ( I am happy; I did my best; I have a good teacher ), and (3) full verbs, the largest group by far, containing all the rest.
A third approach differentiates an action verb from one that is stative. An action verb expresses something you can do ( run, study, sit, want ) or something that can happen ( leak, end, appear, collapse ). In contrast, a stative verb expresses an ongoing state or condition ( I know all the answers; we own our house; they fear failure ). Some verbs, like be, are in both camps: In she is careless, the verb is is stative, describing a permanent trait. In she was being careless in losing those documents, the verb was is an action verb, describing a specific act of carelessness. The same mutability is seen in verbs of the senses ( smell, taste, feel ): Mmm, smell that coffee [action]; the coffee smells wonderful [stative].
We can also distinguish the linking verb (more formally known as a copula ) from verbs that can take an object or be modified by an adverb. Linking verbs identify or describe a subject by connecting it with a noun, an adjective, or a prepositional phrase in a following complement ( she is a doctor; they were delighted; we will be at the party ). Other linking verbs, like feel, appear, smell, taste, look, become, and stay perform the same concatenating function. A number of them happen to be stative, but not all; get and act, for example, are both linking and action verbs ( the weather got warmer yesterday; she acted surprised ). As we can see, a single verb can be categorized in more than one way, depending on which type of analysis we subject it to.
And finally, we can look at English verbs in terms of a number of grammatical features that are expressed by changes in their form or changes in the way sentences are constructed. These features are tense2 (such as present and past), voice (active or passive), person (first, second, or third), number (singular or plural), and mood2 (such as indicative and subjunctive)—each defined at its own Dictionary.com entry.
OTHER WORDS FROM verbverbless, adjective
Words nearby verb
MORE ABOUT VERB
What is a verb?
A verb is a word that expresses action, state of being, or a relation between two things in a sentence. It acts as the main part of the predicate of a sentence.
A verb says what is happening in a sentence, as in I ran across the street. Every complete English sentence contains a verb.
We categorize verbs in several different ways, such as whether they are used with objects. Transitive verbs are used with objects, as in The man bought eggs. Bought is the verb, and eggs is the object. Intransitive verbs are not followed by objects, as in The children slept.
We can also categorize verbs based on what they express. Action verbs express things you can do or things that can happen, as in The player kicked the ball. Kicking is a thing you can do. Stative verbs express ongoing states, as in The tree is old. Old is a state you can be in.
We also categorize verbs by how they change their form or construction to adjust to a sentence. Verbs have features known as tense, voice, person, number, and mood. Here are some examples of the different features of verbs:
- Past tense: I walked home yesterday.
- Passive voice: The clown was hit by a pie.
- Second person: You are a wonderful musician.
- Plural number: The musicians play many songs.
Imperative mood: Pass the salt, please.
Why is verb important?
The first records of the term verb come from around 1350. It ultimately comes from the Latin noun verbum, meaning “a word.” A verb could be said to be the most important word in a sentence because it tells us what is going on.
A verb can change many of its features to correctly fit into a sentence. The subject of the sentence will determine the number and person of the verb, while the context of the sentence will determine what form the verb should take. Did something happen in the past? If so, you need a past tense verb. Are you giving a command? If you are, you will use a verb in the imperative mood. Students of English learn all the different traits of verbs in order to use them correctly.
Did you know … ?
In informal writing and speech, we sometimes omit the subject in commands. The subject is understood to be you, as in Run! We tend not to do this In formal writing.
What are real-life examples of verb?
The following chart gives more examples of the different forms that verbs can take.
|I went to the gym.||Simple past tense of go|
|The kittens are cute.||Present tense, plural of be|
|He will be a superstar someday.||Future tense of be|
|Leave!||Present tense of leave|
In English, every complete sentence contains a verb.
Why can't Facebook give us a choice of verbs everywhere we find "Like" buttons? It would save a lot of explaining.
— Jim MacMillan (@JimMacMillan) March 3, 2011
New verbs are fun: Do you Mars?
— Neil deGrasse Tyson (@neiltyson) October 8, 2015
What other words are related to verb?
Which of the following words is a verb?
How to use verb in a sentence
While the company hasn’t become a verb akin to Google, its name has made its way into financial vernacular.The problem with VC-backed founders who say they don’t care about getting rich|Lucinda Shen|December 3, 2020|Fortune
“Our brand is now widely used as a verb for bike taxi and 30 minute deliveries, and the fresh capital allows us to expand our network to solidify our leading position,” he said.Prosus Ventures leads $13 million investment in Pakistan’s ride-hailing giant Bykea|Manish Singh|September 30, 2020|TechCrunch
You find that same pattern—things that get attached to the verb—in language after language.Talking Is Throwing Fictional Worlds at One Another - Issue 89: The Dark Side|Kevin Berger|September 9, 2020|Nautilus
A verb marking whether the speaker has good evidence or not-so-good evidence for the thing they’re talking about is called an evidential.Talking Is Throwing Fictional Worlds at One Another - Issue 89: The Dark Side|Kevin Berger|September 9, 2020|Nautilus
When you look at other languages, you can see that same piece of structure, the thing that conveys the same meaning, further away from the verb.Talking Is Throwing Fictional Worlds at One Another - Issue 89: The Dark Side|Kevin Berger|September 9, 2020|Nautilus
Thus the adoption of any particular verb is a matter of taste, not a question of absolute correctness.Go Ahead, End With a Preposition: Grammar Rules We All Can Live With|Nick Romeo|November 3, 2014|DAILY BEAST
The term “gestation,” for instance, is derived from the Latin verb gestāre, used to describe a mammal carrying a burden.The Artificial Womb Will Change Feminism Forever|Samantha Allen|August 12, 2014|DAILY BEAST
As with any emergent technology where an action is involved, the brand becomes the verb.The Zen of Yo|Dale Eisinger|August 2, 2014|DAILY BEAST
The verb shovel is not a figure of speech; a garden shovel actually is used to serve the oysters.A Briny, South Carolina Oyster Shack|Jane & Michael Stern|March 23, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Their Dutch nickname, putterje, comes from the verb putten, meaning to draw water from a well.Face to Face With ‘The Goldfinch,’ the Painting from Donna Tartt’s Novel|Malcolm Jones|December 1, 2013|DAILY BEAST
The verb (—) in the Hebrew, when connected with the name of God in different other passages, has the same import.The Ordinance of Covenanting|John Cunningham
Here ends Chaucer's portion of the translation, in the middle of an incomplete sentence, without any verb.
Observe that the word Christus has no verb following it; it is practically an objective case, governed by thanke in l. 168. '
Both in the present passage and in the Pardoner's Prologue the verb to erme is used with the same sb., viz.
Ethel could not help saying, "How did you find out the meaning of that word, Tom, if you didn't look out the verb?"The Daisy Chain|Charlotte Yonge
British Dictionary definitions for verb
- a word or group of words that functions as the predicate of a sentence or introduces the predicate
- (as modifier)a verb phrase
Derived forms of verbverbless, adjective
Word Origin for verb
Cultural definitions for verb
A word that represents an action or a state of being. Go, strike, travel, and exist are examples of verbs. A verb is the essential part of the predicate of a sentence. The grammatical forms of verbs include number, person, and tense. (See auxiliary verb, infinitive, intransitive verb, irregular verb, participle, regular verb, and transitive verb.)