Origin of person
Using people as a plural of person has not always been free of controversy. From the mid nineteenth to the late twentieth century, the use of people instead of persons was hotly contested; and among some news publications, book publishers, and writers of usage books, it was expressly forbidden. To quell the fires of the argument, some usage authorities attempted to regulate use of the two forms—recommending persons when counting a small, specific number of individuals ( Three persons were injured in the accident ) and people when referring to a large, round, or uncountable number ( More than two thousand people bought tickets on the first day; People crowded around the exhibit, blocking it from view ).
But efforts to impose such precise rules in language usually fail. This rule does not appear in currently popular style manuals, and if such a rule still exists in anyone's mind, it is mainly ignored. People is the plural form that most people are most comfortable with most of the time. Persons seems excessively formal and stilted in ordinary conversation or casual writing. One would probably not say, “How many persons came to your birthday party?” In legal or formal contexts, however, persons is often the form of choice ( The police are looking for any person or persons who may have witnessed the crime; Occupancy by more than 75 persons is prohibited by the fire marshal ). In addition, persons is often used when we pluralize person in a set phrase ( missing persons; persons of interest ). Otherwise, the modern consensus is that people is the preferred plural. Persons is not wrong, but it is increasingly rare.
Definition for person (2 of 2)
Examples from the Web for person
Scalise never would have spoken to EURO had Duke been there in person.
Pentagon leaders agree to a person that the U.S. war against ISIS is succeeding.Pentagon Doesn’t Know How Many People It’s Killed in the ISIS War|Nancy A. Youssef|January 7, 2015|DAILY BEAST
I meant no harm by it, but I remembered how this person talked, and I did it for my Mom and she was not into it.Coffee Talk with Fred Armisen: On ‘Portlandia,’ Meeting Obama, and Taylor Swift’s Greatness|Marlow Stern|January 7, 2015|DAILY BEAST
And “what kind of person,” Steinberg asks, “dares to write a sequel to the Bible?”
The odds of getting re-arrested are a lot slimmer if a person has a job.His First Day Out Of Jail After 40 Years: Adjusting To Life Outside|Justin Rohrlich|January 3, 2015|DAILY BEAST
Her eyes might find no blemish in his person, and Love knocked upon her heart, requiring her to love, since her time had come.French Mediaeval Romances from the Lays of Marie de France|Marie de France
A real ghost could have done that, I suppose, but so could any person in reasonable physical shape who knew the terrain.The Blue Ghost Mystery|Harold Leland Goodwin
He thought it an affront to his own person that that of his daughter should be so tranquilly regarded.Athens: Its Rise and Fall, Complete|Edward Bulwer-Lytton
The project was opposed by the one person with a pertinacity that Julian was sure could mean only one thing.The Messenger|Elizabeth Robins
I had a good man for this work, in the person of Mr. Shanks.The Expressman and the Detective|Allan Pinkerton
British Dictionary definitions for person (1 of 3)
noun plural persons
- actually presentthe author will be there in person
- without the help or intervention of others
Word Origin for person
British Dictionary definitions for person (2 of 3)
British Dictionary definitions for person (3 of 3)
suffix forming nouns
Word Origin and History for person
early 13c., from Old French persone "human being, anyone, person" (12c., Modern French personne) and directly from Latin persona "human being, person, personage; a part in a drama, assumed character," originally "mask, false face," such as those of wood or clay worn by the actors in later Roman theater. OED offers the general 19c. explanation of persona as "related to" Latin personare "to sound through" (i.e. the mask as something spoken through and perhaps amplifying the voice), "but the long o makes a difficulty ...." Klein and Barnhart say it is possibly borrowed from Etruscan phersu "mask." Klein goes on to say this is ultimately of Greek origin and compares Persephone.
Of corporate entities from mid-15c. The use of -person to replace -man in compounds and avoid alleged sexist connotations is first recorded 1971 (in chairperson). In person "by bodily presence" is from 1560s. Person-to-person first recorded 1919, originally of telephone calls.
Medicine definitions for person
Culture definitions for person
An inflectional form (see inflection) of pronouns and verbs that distinguishes between the person who speaks (first person), the person who is spoken to (second person), and the person who is spoken about (third person). The pronoun or verb may be singular or plural. For example:
first person singular: I walk.
second person singular: you walk.
third person singular: he/she/it walks.
first person plural: we walk.
second person plural: you walk.
third person plural: they walk.
Idioms and Phrases with person
In addition to the idiom beginning with person
- person of color
- feel like oneself (a new person)
- in person
- own person, one's