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small

[smawl]
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adjective, small·er, small·est.
  1. of limited size; of comparatively restricted dimensions; not big; little: a small box.
  2. slender, thin, or narrow: a small waist.
  3. not large as compared with others of the same kind: a small elephant.
  4. (of letters) lowercase(def 1).
  5. not great in amount, degree, extent, duration, value, etc.: a small salary.
  6. not great numerically: a small army.
  7. of low numerical value; denoted by a low number.
  8. having but little land, capital, power, influence, etc., or carrying on business or some activity on a limited scale: a small enterprise.
  9. of minor importance, moment, weight, or consequence: a small problem.
  10. humble, modest, or unpretentious: small circumstances.
  11. characterized by or indicative of littleness of mind or character; mean-spirited; petty: a small, miserly man.
  12. of little strength or force: a small effort.
  13. (of sound or the voice) gentle; with little volume.
  14. very young: when I was a small boy.
  15. diluted; weak.
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adverb, small·er, small·est.
  1. in a small manner: They talked big but lived small.
  2. into small pieces: Slice the cake small.
  3. in low tones; softly.
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noun
  1. something that is small: Do you prefer the small or the large?
  2. a small or narrow part, as of the back.
  3. those who are small: Democracy benefits the great and the small.
  4. smalls, small goods or products.
  5. smalls, British.
    1. underclothes.
    2. household linen, as napkins, pillowcases, etc.
  6. smalls, British Informal. the responsions at Oxford University.
  7. smalls, Mining. coal, ore, gangue, etc., in fine particles.
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Idioms
  1. feel small, to be ashamed or mortified: Her unselfishness made me feel small.
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Origin of small

before 900; Middle English smale (adj., noun, and adv.), Old English smæl; cognate with Dutch smal, German schmal
Related formssmall·ness, nounul·tra·small, adjective

Synonyms

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1. tiny. See little. 2. slight. 1, 3, 5. Smaller, less indicate a diminution, or not so large a size or quantity in some respect. Smaller, as applied to concrete objects, is used with reference to size: smaller apples. Less is used of material in bulk, with reference to amount, and in cases where attributes such as value and degree are in question: A nickel is less than a dime (in value). A sergeant is less than a lieutenant (in rank). As an abstraction, amount may be either smaller or less, though smaller is usually used when the idea of size is suggested: a smaller opportunity. Less is used when the idea of quantity is present: less courage. 9. trifling, petty, unimportant, minor, secondary, nugatory, inconsequential, paltry, insignificant. 11. small-minded, narrow-minded, mean, selfish, narrow. 12. feeble.

Antonyms

1. large, big.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for small

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • She's one of the build that aren't so big as they look, nor yet so small as they look.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • So small was it that to have gone a few feet to either side would have been to miss it.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • Obulus, (plural Oboli)—A small coin, about the value of a penny.

    Philothea

    Lydia Maria Child

  • He caught but two fish, and they were so small that he decided not to offer them for sale.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • Why, we wasted enough from breakfast to feed a small family.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson


British Dictionary definitions for small

small

adjective
  1. comparatively little; limited in size, number, importance, etc
  2. of little importance or on a minor scalea small business
  3. lacking in moral or mental breadth or deptha small mind
  4. modest or humblesmall beginnings
  5. of low or inferior status, esp socially
  6. (of a child or animal) young; not mature
  7. unimportant, triviala small matter
  8. not outstandinga small actor
  9. of, relating to, or designating the ordinary modern minuscule letter used in printing and cursive writingCompare capital 1 (def. 13) See also lower case
  10. lacking great strength or forcea small effort
  11. in fine particlessmall gravel
  12. obsolete (of beer, etc) of low alcoholic strength
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adverb
  1. into small piecesyou have to cut it small
  2. in a small or soft manner
  3. feel small to be humiliated or inferior
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noun
  1. the small an object, person, or group considered to be smalldo you want the small or the large?
  2. a small slender part, esp of the back
  3. (plural) informal, mainly British items of personal laundry, such as underwear
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Derived Formssmallish, adjectivesmallness, noun

Word Origin

Old English smæl; related to Old High German smal, Old Norse smali small cattle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for small

adj.

Old English smæl "thin, slender, narrow; fine," from Proto-Germanic *smal- "small animal; small" (cf. Old Saxon, Danish, Swedish, Middle Dutch, Dutch, Old High German smal, Old Frisian smel, German schmal "narrow, slender," Gothic smalista "smallest," Old Norse smali "small cattle, sheep"), perhaps from a PIE root *(s)melo- "smaller animal" (cf. Greek melon, Old Irish mil "a small animal;" Old Church Slavonic malu "bad"). Original sense of "narrow" now almost obsolete, except in reference to waistline and intestines.

My sister ... is as white as a lilly, and as small as a wand. [Shakespeare, "Two Gentlemen of Verona," 1591]

Sense of "not large, of little size" developed in Old English. Of children, "young," from mid-13c. Meaning "inferior in degree or amount" is from late 13c. Meaning "trivial, unimportant" is from mid-14c. Sense of "having little property or trade" is from 1746. That of "characterized by littleness of mind or spirit, base, low, mean" is from 1824. As an adverb by late 14c.

Small fry, first recorded 1690s of little fish, 1885 of insignificant people. Small potatoes "no great matter" first attested 1924; small change "something of little value" is from 1902; small talk "chit-chat, trifling conversation" (1751) first recorded in Chesterfield's "Letters." Small world as a comment upon an unexpected meeting of acquaintances is recorded from 1895. Small-arms, indicating those capable of being carried in the hand (contrasted to ordnance) is recorded from 1710.

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n.

early 13c., "small person or animal," from small (adj.). From c.1300 as "persons of low rank" (opposed to great); late 15c. as "the small part" of something (e.g. small of the back, 1530s).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with small

small

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.