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bound

1
[ bound ]
/ baʊnd /
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See synonyms for: bound / bounded / bounding / boundness on Thesaurus.com

verb
simple past tense and past participle of bind.
adjective
QUIZ
SHALL WE PLAY A "SHALL" VS. "SHOULD" CHALLENGE?
Should you take this quiz on “shall” versus “should”? It should prove to be a quick challenge!
Question 1 of 6
Which form is used to state an obligation or duty someone has?

Idioms about bound

    bound up in / with,
    1. inseparably connected with.
    2. devoted or attached to: She is bound up in her teaching.

Origin of bound

1
Past participle and past tense of bind

OTHER WORDS FROM bound

boundness, noun

Other definitions for bound (2 of 6)

bound2
[ bound ]
/ baʊnd /

verb (used without object)
to move by leaps; leap; jump; spring: The colt bounded through the meadow.
to rebound, as a ball; bounce: The ball bounded against the wall.
noun
a leap onward or upward; jump.
a rebound; bounce.

Origin of bound

2
First recorded in 1545–55; from Middle French bond “a leap,” bondir “to leap,” originally “bounce back, echo,” ultimately from Vulgar Latin bombitīre (unattested) for bombitāre “to buzz, whiz” (Latin bomb(us) (see bomb) + -it- intensive suffix + -ā- thematic vowel + -re infinitive suffix)

synonym study for bound

1. See skip1.

OTHER WORDS FROM bound

bound·ing·ly, adverb

WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH bound

bind, bound

Other definitions for bound (3 of 6)

bound3
[ bound ]
/ baʊnd /

noun
verb (used with object)
verb (used without object)
to abut.

Origin of bound

3
First recorded in1175–1225; Middle English bounde, from Anglo-French; Old French bone, bonde, variant of bodne, from Medieval Latin budina, of uncertain origin; cf. bourn2

OTHER WORDS FROM bound

bound·a·ble, adjective

Other definitions for bound (4 of 6)

bound4
[ bound ]
/ baʊnd /

adjective
going or intending to go; on the way to; destined (usually followed by for): The train is bound for Denver.
Archaic. prepared; ready.

Origin of bound

4
First recorded in 1150–1200; Middle English b(o)un) “ready,” from Old Norse būinn, past participle of būa “to get ready”

Other definitions for bound (5 of 6)

-bound1

a combining form of bound1: snowbound.

Other definitions for bound (6 of 6)

-bound2

a combining form of bound4: eastbound.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022

WORDS THAT USE -BOUND

What does -bound mean?

The combining formbound is used like a suffix that has two distinct senses.

The first of these senses is “tied, in bonds” or “detained,” and this form of –bound is occasionally used in a variety of everyday terms, especially in reference to inclement weather. The form –bound in this sense comes from the past participle and past tense of the verb bind, meaning “to fasten or secure with a band or bond.”

The second of these senses is “going or intending to go; destined,” and this form of –bound is occasionally used in a variety of everyday terms, especially when indicating a direction or destination of travel. The form –bound in this sense ultimately comes from Old Norse būa, meaning “to get ready.”

Not every word that ends with the exact letters –bound, e.g., abound or rebound, is necessarily using the combining form –bound to denote “tied” or “destined.” Learn why abound means “to occur in great quantities” at our entry for the word.

Examples of -bound with the sense “tied, in bonds”

An example of a term that features the form –bound to mean “tied, in bonds” is snowbound, “shut in or immobilized by snow.”

The snow– part of the word means, naturally, “snow.” As we have seen, –bound means “tied.” Snowbound literally means “snow-tied.”

What are some words that use the combining form -bound?

What are some other forms that –bound may be commonly confused with?

Break it down!

Given the meaning of –bound, what does it mean when a ship is stormbound?

Examples of -bound with the sense “going or intended to go; destined”

One word that you may have come across that features the combining form –bound to mean “destined” is inbound, “inward bound.”

The form in here means “inward,” meaning “toward the inside, interior, or center.” Given that it is referring to direction or location, –bound here means “going or intended to go, destined.” Inbound literally means “going toward the inside.”

What are some words that use the combining form –bound?

What are some other forms that –bound may be commonly confused with?

Break it down!

Given the meaning of –bound, what does eastbound mean?

How to use bound in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for bound (1 of 4)

bound1
/ (baʊnd) /

verb
the past tense and past participle of bind
adjective

British Dictionary definitions for bound (2 of 4)

bound2
/ (baʊnd) /

verb
to move forwards or make (one's way) by leaps or jumps
to bounce; spring away from an impact
noun
a jump upwards or forwards
by leaps and bounds with unexpectedly rapid progessher condition improved by leaps and bounds
a sudden pronounced sense of excitementhis heart gave a sudden bound when he saw her
a bounce, as of a ball

Word Origin for bound

C16: from Old French bond a leap, from bondir to jump, resound, from Vulgar Latin bombitīre (unattested) to buzz, hum, from Latin bombus booming sound

British Dictionary definitions for bound (3 of 4)

bound3
/ (baʊnd) /

verb
(tr) to place restrictions on; limit
(when intr, foll by on) to form a boundary of (an area of land or sea, political or administrative region, etc)
noun
maths
  1. a number which is greater than all the members of a set of numbers (an upper bound), or less than all its members (a lower bound)See also bounded (def. 1)
  2. more generally, an element of an ordered set that has the same ordering relation to all the members of a given subset
  3. whence, an estimate of the extent of some set
See bounds

Word Origin for bound

C13: from Old French bonde, from Medieval Latin bodina, of Gaulish origin

British Dictionary definitions for bound (4 of 4)

bound4
/ (baʊnd) /

adjective
  1. (postpositive, often foll by for) going or intending to go towards; on the way toa ship bound for Jamaica; homeward bound
  2. (in combination)northbound traffic

Word Origin for bound

C13: from Old Norse buinn, past participle of būa to prepare
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Other Idioms and Phrases with bound

bound

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.
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