[and; unstressed uh nd, uh n, or, esp. after a homorganic consonant, n]
See more synonyms for and on
  1. (used to connect grammatically coordinate words, phrases, or clauses) along or together with; as well as; in addition to; besides; also; moreover: pens and pencils.
  2. added to; plus: 2 and 2 are 4.
  3. then: He read for an hour and went to bed.
  4. also, at the same time: to sleep and dream.
  5. then again; repeatedly: He coughed and coughed.
  6. (used to imply different qualities in things having the same name): There are bargains and bargains, so watch out.
  7. (used to introduce a sentence, implying continuation) also; then: And then it happened.
  8. Informal. to (used between two finite verbs): Try and do it. Call and see if she's home yet.
  9. (used to introduce a consequence or conditional result): He felt sick and decided to lie down for a while. Say one more word about it and I'll scream.
  10. but; on the contrary: He tried to run five miles and couldn't. They said they were about to leave and then stayed for two more hours.
  11. (used to connect alternatives): He felt that he was being forced to choose between his career and his family.
  12. (used to introduce a comment on the preceding clause): They don't like each other—and with good reason.
  13. Archaic. if: and you please.Compare an2.
  1. an added condition, stipulation, detail, or particular: He accepted the job, no ands or buts about it.
  2. conjunction(def 5b).
  1. and so forth, and the like; and others; et cetera: We discussed traveling, sightseeing, and so forth.
  2. and so on, and more things or others of a similar kind; and the like: It was a summer filled with parties, picnics, and so on.

Origin of and

before 900; Middle English; Old English and, ond; cognate with Old Saxon, Old High German ant, Old Frisian, Gothic and, Icelandic and-; akin to German und, Dutch en, Sanskrit anti
Can be confusedand and/or nor or (see usage note at the current entry) (see usage note at and/or)

Usage note

Both and and but, and to a lesser extent or and so, are common as transitional words at the beginnings of sentences in all types of speech and writing: General Jackson thought the attack would come after darkness. And he was right. Any objection to this practice probably stems from the overuse of such sentences by inexperienced writers. When one of these words begins a sentence or an independent clause within a sentence, it is not followed by a comma unless the comma is one of a pair setting off a parenthetical element that follows: John is popular, and he seems to be well adjusted. But, appearances to the contrary, he is often depressed. See also and/or, et cetera, try.


  1. a Boolean operator that returns a positive result when both operands are positive. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for and

also, furthermore, including, moreover

British Dictionary definitions for and


conjunction (coordinating)
  1. along with; in addition toboys and girls
  2. as a consequencehe fell down and cut his knee
  3. afterwardswe pay the man and go through that door
  4. (preceded by good or nice) (intensifier)the sauce is good and thick
  5. plustwo and two equals four
  6. used to join identical words or phrases to give emphasis or indicate repetition or continuitybetter and better; we ran and ran; it rained and rained
  7. used to join two identical words or phrases to express a contrast between instances of what is namedthere are jobs and jobs
  8. informal used in place of to in infinitives after verbs such as try, go, and cometry and see it my way
  9. an obsolete word for if and it please you Informal spellings: an, an', 'n
  1. (usually plural) an additional matter or problemifs, ands, or buts

Word Origin for and

Old English and; related to Old Frisian anda, Old Saxon ande, Old High German anti, Sanskrit atha


The use of and instead of to after try and wait is typical of spoken language, but should be avoided in any writing which is not informal: We must try to prevent (not try and prevent) this happening


abbreviation for
  1. Andorra (international car registration)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for and

Old English and, ond, originally meaning "thereupon, next," from Proto-Germanic *unda (cf. Old Saxon endi, Old Frisian anda, Middle Dutch ende, Old High German enti, German und, Old Norse enn), from PIE *en; cognate with Latin ante, Greek anti (see ante). Phrase and how as an exclamation of emphatic agreement dates from early 1900s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper