[ap-uh-thee-shee-uh m, -see-]
noun, plural ap·o·the·ci·a [ap-uh-thee-shee-uh, -see-uh] /ˌæp əˈθi ʃi ə, -si ə/. Botany, Mycology.
the fruit of certain lichens and fungi: usually an open, saucer-shaped or cup-shaped body, the inner surface of which is covered with a layer that bears asci.
Origin of apothecium
1820–30;Related formsap·o·the·cial [ap-uh-thee-shuh l] /ˌæp əˈθi ʃəl/, adjective
< New Latin
< Greek apo- apo-
equivalent to thḗk(ē
) case (see theca
) + -ion
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for apothecium
Historical Examples of apothecium
Cyclocarpineae, Apothecium usually circular, no capillitium.
Piece of thallus of Parmelia conspersa, with section through an apothecium.
Nylander called the apothecium pale within, but forms with red-brown hypothecia are admitted by later writers.
In the Helvellaceae there is no apothecium but a large irregular fruit body which at maturity bears the asci on its surface.
The cup, or shield-shaped spot, or knob, which bears the fructification is named the Apothecium.
British Dictionary definitions for apothecium
noun plural -cia (-sɪə)
Derived Formsapothecial (ˌæpəˈθiːsɪəl), adjective
botany a cup-shaped structure that contains the asci, esp in lichens; a type of ascocarp
Word Origin for apothecium
C19: from New Latin, from apo- + Greek thēkion a little case
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Plural apothecia (ăp′ə-thē′sē-ə, -shē-)
A disk-shaped or cup-shaped ascocarp of some lichens and the fungi Ascomycetes.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.