axon [ ak-son ] SHOW IPA / ˈæk sɒn / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun Cell Biology. the appendage of the neuron that transmits impulses away from the cell body. QUIZZES WERE YOU BAMBOOZLED BY THE WORDS FROM FEBRUARY?
We understand! Words are tricky that way. Take this quiz on the Words of the Day from February, 2021, to show that you’re far from frumious!
Question 1 of 10
Which Word of the Day means “happening within or being the created world of a story”?
ax·one [ ak-sohn]. /ˈæk soʊn/. Origin of axon
1835–45; <New Latin <Greek
áxōn an axle, axis; akin to Latin axis OTHER WORDS FROM axon ax·on·al [ ak-s uh-nl, ‐son-l], /ˈæk sə nl, ‐ˌsɒn l/, adjective Words nearby axon axofugal
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021
Example sentences from the Web for axon
Information for both signals can be encoded in the spikes of electrical activity that the neuron sends down its
axon as an output.
One of these processes, the
axon, is much longer than the others and ends in a muscle or organ of sensation.
axon forms the pathway over which nervous impulses travel to and from the nerve centers.
We saw a moment ago that every
axon is inclosed in a sheath.
The contact of the
axon of one neuron with the dendrons of another is called a synapse.
Its dendrites are short tree-like branches, while its
axon is often several inches or even feet in length. noun the long threadlike extension of a nerve cell that conducts nerve impulses from the cell body Compare dendrite Derived forms of axon axonal, adjective Word Origin for axon
C19: via New Latin from Greek: axis, axle, vertebra
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
n. The usually long process of a nerve fiber that generally conducts impulses away from the body of the nerve cell. Other words from axon ax ( ′on•al ăk) ′sə-nəl, ăk-sŏn ′əl adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
The long portion of a neuron that conducts impulses away from the body of the cell. Also called nerve fiber
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
The part of a
nerve cell or neuron that transfers a nerve impulse from the nerve cell body to a synapse with another cell. ( See action potential.) Depending on the location of the cell, the length of an axon can vary widely. In some cases (such as the axons that form the spinal cord), they may be several feet long.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.