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cell body

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noun Biology.
  1. the compact area of a nerve cell that constitutes the nucleus and surrounding cytoplasm, excluding the axons and dendrites.
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Origin of cell body

First recorded in 1875–80
Also called perikaryon.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for cell body

Historical Examples

  • Each one is simply a specially contractile continuation of the protoplasm of the cell-body.

    Elementary Zoology, Second Edition

    Vernon L. Kellogg

  • Thus, by this first ergonomy, the nucleus became the vehicle of heredity and the cell-body the organ of adaptation.

    The Wonders of Life

    Ernst Haeckel

  • Hence many cytologists regard the centrosoma as a secondary product of differentiation in the cell-body, not the nucleus.

    The Wonders of Life

    Ernst Haeckel

  • At the point where they become continuous with the cell-body there is usually a deeply staining “basal granule.”

  • The division of the cell-body is completed midway between the two daughter-nuclei.

    Darwin and Modern Science

    A.C. Seward and Others


cell body in Medicine

cell body

n.
  1. The part of a neuron containing the nucleus but not incorporating the axon and dendrites.soma
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

cell body in Science

cell body

  1. The portion of a neuron that contains the nucleus but does not incorporate the dendrites or axon.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.