cell body


noun Biology.

the compact area of a nerve cell that constitutes the nucleus and surrounding cytoplasm, excluding the axons and dendrites.

Nearby words

  1. celioscopy,
  2. celiotomy,
  3. celitis,
  4. cell,
  5. cell biology,
  6. cell bridge,
  7. cell culture,
  8. cell cycle,
  9. cell division,
  10. cell fusion

Origin of cell body

First recorded in 1875–80

Also called perikaryon.

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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Medicine definitions for cell body

cell body


The part of a neuron containing the nucleus but not incorporating the axon and dendrites.soma

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for cell body

cell body

The portion of a neuron that contains the nucleus but does not incorporate the dendrites or axon.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.