bastide

[ ba-steed ]
/ bæˈstid /
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noun

a medieval fortified town, planned as a whole and built at one time, especially in southern France, for strategic or commercial purposes.
a small country house in southern France.

Origin of bastide

1515–25; < Middle French < Old Provençal bastida fortification, noun use of feminine past participle of bastir to build, equivalent to basti- (< Germanic; see baste1) + -da < Latin -ta feminine past participle suffix
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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